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Extended x-ray absorption fine structure of copper in cytochrome c oxidase: Direct evidence for copper-sulfur ligation

Scott, Robert A. and Cramer, Stephen P. and Shaw, Robert W. and Beinert, Helmut and Gray, Harry B. (1981) Extended x-ray absorption fine structure of copper in cytochrome c oxidase: Direct evidence for copper-sulfur ligation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 78 (2). pp. 664-667. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SCOpnas81

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Abstract

The copper x-ray fluorescence excitation spectrum of cytochrome c oxidase (ferrocytochrome c:oxygen oxidoreductase, EC 1.9.3.1) has been recorded in the 245-270 K range. The beat pattern observed in the extended x-ray absorption fine structure can be accounted for only by postulating a combination of sulfur and nitrogen (or oxygen) ligands to the copper. The average Cu-S distance is 2.27± 0.02 angstrom and the average Cu-N (or Cu-O) distance is 1.97± 0.02 angstrom. The amplitudes require ca. 1-1.5 sulfurs and 2 nitrogens (or oxygens) per copper. The distribution of sulfur ligands between CuA and CuB sites is not known, although there is some evidence that two sulfur atoms are bound to CuA.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1981 by the National Academy of Sciences. Contributed by Harry B. Gray, August 25, 1980. We thank Drs. Sunney Chan, Keith Hodgson, and Bo Malmstrom for helpful discussions. We thank the staffs of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (especially Robert Filippi) and of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (especially Robert Mason) for assistance in equipment design and experimental execution. R.A.S. acknowledges a National Institutes of Health Fellowship (1-F32-HL06047-01). Experiments at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory were supported by National Science Foundation Grant DMR-07692-A02 in cooperation with the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center and the Department of Energy. Research at the Institute for Enzyme Research was supported by National Institutes of Health Grant GM-12394. H.B. acknowledges a Research Career Award (S-K06-GM-18442). R.W.S. acknowledges a National Institutes of Health Fellowship (S F32 GM05772-02) and a National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases Postdoctoral Training Grant (2 T32 AM07049-07). Research at the California Institute of Technology was supported by National Science Foundation Grant CHE77-11389. This is contribution no. 6295 from the Arthur Amos Noyes Laboratory. The publication costs of this article were defrayed in part by page charge payment. This article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U. S. C. §1734 solely to indicate this fact.
Subject Keywords:cytochrome aa3, copper sites, sulfur ligation, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, x-ray fluorescence detection
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:SCOpnas81
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SCOpnas81
Alternative URL:http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/abstract/78/2/664
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1017
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:01 Dec 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:42

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