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Synthesis of the elements in stars: forty years of progress

Wallerstein, George and Iben, Icko, Jr. and Parker, Peter and Boesgaard, Ann Merchant and Hale, Gerald M. and Champagne, Arthur E. and Barnes, Charles A. and Käppler, Franz and Smith, Verne V. and Hoffman, Robert D. and Timmes, Frank X. and Sneden, Chris and Boyd, Richard N. and Meyer, Bradley S. and Lambert, David L. (1997) Synthesis of the elements in stars: forty years of progress. Reviews of Modern Physics, 69 (4). pp. 995-1084. ISSN 0034-6861. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WALrmp97

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Abstract

Forty years ago Burbidge, Burbidge, Fowler, and Hoyle combined what we would now call fragmentary evidence from nuclear physics, stellar evolution and the abundances of elements and isotopes in the solar system as well as a few stars into a synthesis of remarkable ingenuity. Their review provided a foundation for forty years of research in all of the aspects of low energy nuclear experiments and theory, stellar modeling over a wide range of mass and composition, and abundance studies of many hundreds of stars, many of which have shown distinct evidence of the processes suggested by B2FH. In this review we summarize progress in each of these fields with emphasis on the most recent developments.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1997 The American Physical Society. (Received 25 June 1997) This paper originated in the invitation by Michael Wiescher to one of us (G.W.) to present the introductory talk at the "Nuclei in the Cosmos III" conference at Notre Dame University in June, 1996. The research of the many authors has been supported by the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Robert Welch Foundation, and the Kennilworth Fund of the New York Community Trust. In addition, we want to express our appreciation to our home institutions for providing us with the opportunity to have conducted research in nuclear astrophysics, stellar evolution, and observational astronomy over the (in some cases, many) years. Finally, each individual author acknowledges assistance, comments, and criticism from a number of colleagues, the total list of whom is too long to include here. Special acknowledgment is due Ms. Karen Fisher who assembled the various manuscripts and translated a variety of Tex forms into the single form of this journal.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:WALrmp97
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WALrmp97
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.69.995
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10255
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:18 Apr 2008
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:58

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