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The preparation of L-leucine and its behavior in some non-aqueous solvents

Thomas, Dudley W. and Niemann, Carl (1948) The preparation of L-leucine and its behavior in some non-aqueous solvents. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 175 (1). pp. 241-248. ISSN 0021-9258. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:THOjbc48

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Abstract

Bergmann and Stein (1) have described a procedure for the isolation and purification of naturally occurring L-leucine based upon the precipitation and recrystallization of the slightly soluble salt of this amino acid with naphthalene-β-sulfonic acid. The product obtained was stated to be 97 per cent pure and to be free from methionine, a common contaminant of less pure preparations of L-leucine (2). We have found that L-leucine so prepared contains significant amounts of those amino acids which are oxidized by bromine in acid solution, and that a naphthalene sulfonate of superior purity can be obtained if the crude leucine is first treated with bromine water. The use of the preliminary bromine oxidation and of more dilute solutions than were used by Bergmann and Stein for the recrystallization of the naphthalene-β-sulfonate gave L-leucine preparations of exceptional purity when judged by qualitative tests and solubility determinations. Characteristic physical constants of L-leucine so prepared are given elsewhere in this paper. In the determination of the optical rotation of α-amino acids in aqueous acid solutions, it has been assumed at times that the concentration of the aqueous acid is not critical provided sufficient acid has been added to assure formation of the amino acid cation. Dunn et al. (3) have pointed out that the specific rotation of solutions of L- and D-alanine in hydrochloric acid is dependent upon the hydrochloric acid concentration, and the data presented in Fig. 1 clearly show a similar dependency in the case of either hydrochloric or sulfuric acid solutions of L-leucine.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 1948 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. (Received for publication, February 16, 1948) Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry, Contribution No. 1175.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:THOjbc48
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:THOjbc48
Alternative URL:http://www.jbc.org/content/vol175/issue1/index.shtml
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10330
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:30 Apr 2008
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 09:59

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