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The Entropy of Dimethyl Acetylene from Low Temperature Calorimetric Measurements. Free Rotation in the Dimethyl Acetylene Molecule

Osborne, Darrell W. and Garner, Clifford S. and Yost, Don M. (1940) The Entropy of Dimethyl Acetylene from Low Temperature Calorimetric Measurements. Free Rotation in the Dimethyl Acetylene Molecule. Journal of Chemical Physics, 8 (1). p. 131. ISSN 0021-9606. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:OSBjcp40a

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Abstract

The separation of the methyl groups in the dimethyl acetylene molecule, H3C-C≡C-C-CH3, is much greater than it is in ethane, and if the potential barrier [1] of about 3000 cal./mole restricting internal rotation in the latter is due to interactions between the methyl groups, then this barrier should be much smaller in dimethyl acetylene. If, on the other hand, the restricting potential in ethane is largely due to resonance with double bonded structures as proposed by Gorin, Walter, and Eyring [2], that fact that the length of the C-C single bonds in dimethyl acetylene [3] is such as to indicate considerable double bond character might lead one to expect a barrier about as large as in ethane. In order to determine the magnitude of this barrier we have calculated the entropy of dimethyl acetylene from low temperature calorimetric measurements and have compared this experimental value with that computed from molecular data.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1750559DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://link.aip.org/link/?JCPSA6/8/131/1PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:Copyright © 1940 American Institute of Physics. Received December 10, 1939. We wish to express our indebtedness to Professor Alexander Goetz for supplying us with liquid hydrogen, and to Mr. Thurston Skei and Mr. Russell Doescher for preparing and purifying the dimethyl acetylene. [D.W.O. and C.S.G. were] A.A. Noyes Fellow[s] in Chemistry.
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Deposited On:13 Aug 2008 22:23
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