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Immunologic adsorbents. I. Isolation of antibody by means of a cellulose-protein antigen

Campbell, Dan H. and Luescher, Ernst and Lerman, Leonard S. (1951) Immunologic adsorbents. I. Isolation of antibody by means of a cellulose-protein antigen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 37 (9). pp. 575-578. ISSN 0027-8424. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CAMpnas51

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Abstract

For the past several years we have been interested in devising methods that would afford practical procedures for the isolation and purification of antibodies from immune serums and in particular the isolation of non-precipitating antibodies from animal serums and allergic antibodies (reagins) from human serums.(1) The general approach has been to attempt to produce an insoluble protein antigen which would combine specifically with antibody to give a complex that could be dissociated into soluble antibody and insoluble antigen, which could then be separated by centrifugation. Attempts were made to confer insolubility on protein antigens such as ovalbumin and crystalline bovine serum albumin without destroying their antigenicity. Products were obtained by use of the usual denaturing agents, tannic acid, and bifunctional coupling reagents (e.g., tetrazotized benzidine), and also by coupling to an insoluble substrate such as phenolic resins or insoluble proteins (such as fibrin). However, in every case the resulting product either had lost too much native antigenicity (i.e., adsorbed serum always contained antibody which reacted with native antigen), was too soluble, or had too much power of adsorption for non-specific protein.


Item Type:Article
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http://www.pnas.org/content/37/9.tocPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1951 by the National Academy of Sciences. Communicated by Linus Pauling, July 16, 1951. This work was supported in part by a grant from The Rockefeller Foundation and in part by a grant from the U.S. Public Health Service. Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry, Contribution No. 1589.
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Rockefeller FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Public Health ServiceUNSPECIFIED
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Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry1589
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Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CAMpnas51
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ID Code:11972
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Oct 2008 02:33
Last Modified:14 Nov 2014 19:20

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