DuMond, Jesse W. M. and Kirkpatrick, Harry A. and Alden, Lucas (1932) A search for preferentially directed electron velocities in crystalline graphite with the multicrystal spectrograph. Physical Review, 40 (2). pp. 165-177. ISSN 0031-899X http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:DUMpr32b
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The author's theory of the broadening of the Compton line as a Doppler effect of electron velocities is briefly reviewed and it is pointed out that only the component velocity along a direction which nearly bisects the angle between primary and scattered x-ray beams should be effective in broadening the line. Crystalline Ceylon graphite possesses properties which lend hope to the belief that a class of weakly bound or structure electrons in this crystal might have momenta restricted uniquely to parallelism with one plane in the crystal: the (0001) plane. A composite scatterer was built up out of blocks consisting of the crystal flakes all orientated with their (0001) planes in mutual parallelism and the blocks in turn were so orientated that the normals to these planes bisected the angle formed by the primary and scattered x-ray beams. If the electron momenta are orientated parallel to the plane of the graphite flakes one should expect the contribution of such electrons to the shifted scattering to give a sharp line or peak superposed on the broader structure caused by the remaining isotropically distributed momenta. Details of the experimental set-up are described and the spectrum obtained from scattering by the Ceylon graphite scatterer is compared with the spectrum from an isotropic Acheson graphite scatterer. The breadth and structure of the shifted line proves to be quite identical in the two cases and the conclusion is drawn that if a class of electrons having selectively orientated momenta exists in the crystal-line graphite it constitutes less than 5 percent of the total number. The bearing of this result on related questions is discussed.
|Additional Information:||© 1932 by The American Physical Society. Received 8 March 1932. This investigation which has involved a great deal of expense has been carried out with the aid of funds from the Seeley W. Mudd X-Ray Research Fund and we take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation for this financial aid.|
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|Deposited By:||Tony Diaz|
|Deposited On:||29 Oct 2008 17:33|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 10:26|
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