Suarez, Humbert and Koch, Christof (1989) Linking Linear Threshold Units with Quadratic Models of Motion Perception. Neural Computation, 1 (3). pp. 318-320. ISSN 0899-7667 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SUAnc89
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Behavioral experiments on insects (Hassenstein and Reichardt 1956; Poggio and Reichardt 1976) as well as psychophysical evidence from human studies (Van Santen and Sperling 1985; Adelson and Bergen 1985; Watson and Ahumada 1985) support the notion that short-range motion perception is mediated by a system with a quadratic type of nonlinearity, as in correlation (Hassenstein and Reichardt 1956), multiplication (Torre and Poggio 1978), or squaring (Adelson and Bergen 1985). However, there is little physiological evidence for quadratic nonlinearities in directionally selective cells. For instance, the response of cortical simple cells to a moving sine grating is half-wave instead of full-wave rectified as it should be for a quadratic nonlinearity (Movshon ef al. 1978; Holub and Morton-Gibson 1981) and is linear for low contrast (Holub and Morton-Gibson 1981). Complex cells have full-wave rectified responses, but are also linear in contrast. Moreover, a detailed theoretical analysis of possible biophysical mechanisms underlying direction selectivity concludes that most do not have quadratic properties except under very limited conditions (Grzywacz and Koch 1987). Thus, it is presently mysterious how a system can show quadratic properties while its individual components do not. We briefly discuss here a simple population encoding scheme offering a possible solution to this problem.
|Additional Information:||© 1989 The MIT Press. Received 6 April 1989; accepted 4 July 1989.|
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