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Kerr-Nonlinearity Optical Parametric Oscillation in an Ultrahigh-Q Toroid Microcavity

Kippenberg, T. J. and Spillane, S. M. and Vahala, K. J. (2004) Kerr-Nonlinearity Optical Parametric Oscillation in an Ultrahigh-Q Toroid Microcavity. Physical Review Letters, 93 (8). Art. no. 083904. ISSN 0031-9007 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:KIPprl04

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Abstract

Kerr-nonlinearity induced optical parametric oscillation in a microcavity is reported for the first time. Geometrical control of toroid microcavities enables a transition from stimulated Raman to optical parametric-oscillation regimes. Optical parametric oscillation is observed at record low threshold levels (174 micro-Watts of launched power) more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than for optical-fiber-based optical parametric oscillation. In addition to their microscopic size (typically tens of microns), these oscillators are wafer based, exhibit high conversion efficiency (36%), and are operating in a highly ideal "two photon" emission regime, with near-unity (0.97±0.03) idler-to-signal ratio.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2004 The American Physical Society (Received 29 January 2004; published 19 August 2004) This work was funded by the NSF, DARPA, and the Caltech Lee Center for Advanced Networking. Note added.—The authors request the readers’ attention to a parametric LiNbO3 device reported by Ilchenko et al. [34].
Subject Keywords:optical parametric oscillators; microcavities; optical Kerr effect
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:KIPprl04
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:KIPprl04
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.083904
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1261
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:06 Jan 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:43

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