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Analysis of first LIGO science data for stochastic gravitational waves

Abbott, B. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, R. and Ageev, A. and Allen, B. and Amin, R. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Asiri, F. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Balasubramanian, R. and Ballmer, S. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, D. and Barker-Patton, C. and Barnes, M. and Barr, B. and Barton, M. A. and Bayer, K. and Beausoleil, R. and Belczynski, K. and Bennett, R. and Berukoff, S. J. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhawal, B. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Bland-Weaver, B. and Bochner, B. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Brown, D. A. and Brozek, S. and Bullington, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burgess, R. and Busby, D. and Butler, W. E. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Cagnoli, G. and Camp, J. B. and Cantley, C. A. and Cardenas, L. and Carter, K. and Casey, M. M. and Castiglione, J. and Chandler, A. and Chapsky, J. and Charlton, P. and Chatterji, S. and Chen, Y. and Chickarmane, V. and Chin, D. and Christensen, N. and Churches, D. and Colacino, C. and Coldwell, R. and Coles, M. and Cook, D. and Corbitt, T. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, J. D. E. and Creighton, T. D. and Crooks, D. R. M. and Csatorday, P. and Cusack, B. J. and Cutler, C. and D’Ambrosio, E. and Danzmann, K. and Davies, R. and Daw, E. and DeBra, D. and Delker, T. and DeSalvo, R. and Dhurandhar, S. and Díaz, M. and Ding, H. and Drever, R. W. P. and Dupuis, R. J. and Ebeling, C. and Edlund, J. and Ehrens, P. and Elliffe, E. J. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. and Fallnich, C. and Farnham, D. and Fejer, M. M. and Fine, M. and Finn, L. S. and Flanagan, É. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. and Fyffe, M. and Ganezer, K. S. and Giaime, J. A. and Gillespie, A. and Goda, K. and González, G. and Goßler, S. and Grandclément, P. and Grant, A. and Gray, C. and Gretarsson, A. M. and Grimmett, D. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Guenther, M. and Gustafson, E. and Gustafson, R. and Hamilton, W. O. and Hammond, M. and Hanson, J. and Hardham, C. and Harry, G. and Hartunian, A. and Heefner, J. and Hefetz, Y. and Heinzel, G. and Heng, I. S. and Hennessy, M. and Hepler, N. and Heptonstall, A. and Heurs, M. and Hewitson, M. and Hindman, N. and Hoang, P. and Hough, J. and Hrynevych, M. and Hua, W. and Ingley, R. and Ito, M. and Itoh, Y. and Ivanov, A. and Jennrich, O. and Johnson, W. W. and Johnston, W. and Jones, L. and Jungwirth, D. and Kalogera, V. and Katsavounidis, E. and Kawabe, K. and Kawamura, S. and Kells, W. and Kern, J. and Khan, A. and Killbourn, S. and Killow, C. J. and Kim, C. and King, C. and King, P. and Klimenko, S. and Kloevekorn, P. and Koranda, S. and Kötter, K. and Kovalik, J. and Kozak, D. and Krishnan, B. and Landry, M. and Langdale, J. and Lantz, B. and Lawrence, R. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Leonhardt, V. and Leonor, I. and Libbrecht, K. and Lindquist, P. and Liu, S. and Logan, J. and Lormand, M. and Lubinski, M. and Lück, H. and Lyons, T. T. and Machenschalk, B. and MacInnis, M. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Majid, W. and Malec, M. and Mann, F. and Marin, A. and Márka, S. and Maros, E. and Mason, J. and Mason, K. and Matherny, O. and Matone, L. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McHugh, M. and McNamara, P. and Mendell, G. and Meshkov, S. and Messenger, C. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Mitselmakher, G. and Mittleman, R. and Miyakawa, O. and Miyoki, S. and Mohanty, S. and Moreno, G. and Mossavi, K. and Mours, B. and Mueller, G. and Mukherjee, S. and Myers, J. and Nagano, S. and Nash, T. and Naundorf, H. and Nayak, R. and Newton, G. and Nocera, F. and Nutzman, P. and Olson, T. and O’Reilly, B. and Ottaway, D. J. and Ottewill, A. and Ouimette, D. and Overmier, H. and Owen, B. J. and Papa, M. A. and Parameswariah, C. and Parameswariah, V. and Pedraza, M. and Penn, S. and Pitkin, M. and Plissi, M. and Pratt, M. and Quetschke, V. and Raab, F. and Radkins, H. and Rahkola, R. and Rakhmanov, M. and Rao, S. R. and Redding, D. and Regehr, M. W. and Regimbau, T. and Reilly, K. T. and Reithmaier, K. and Reitze, D. H. and Richman, S. and Riesen, R. and Riles, K. and Rizzi, A. and Robertson, D. I. and Robertson, N. A. and Robison, L. and Roddy, S. and Rollins, J. and Romano, J. D. and Romie, J. and Rong, H. and Rose, D. and Rotthoff, E. and Rowan, S. and Rüdiger, A. and Russell, P. and Ryan, K. and Salzman, I. and Sanders, G. H. and Sannibale, V. and Sathyaprakash, B. and Saulson, P. R. and Savage, R. and Sazonov, A. and Schilling, R. and Schlaufman, K. and Schmidt, V. and Schofield, R. and Schrempel, M. and Schutz, B. F. and Schwinberg, P. and Scott, S. M. and Searle, A. C. and Sears, B. and Seel, S. and Sengupta, A. S. and Shapiro, C. A. and Shawhan, P. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Shu, Q. Z. and Sibley, A. and Siemens, X. and Sievers, L. and Sigg, D. and Sintes, A. M. and Skeldon, K. and Smith, J. R. and Smith, M. and Smith, M. R. and Sneddon, P. and Spero, R. and Stapfer, G. and Strain, K. A. and Strom, D. and Stuver, A. and Summerscales, T. and Sumner, M. C. and Sutton, P. J. and Sylvestre, J. and Takamori, A. and Tanner, D. B. and Tariq, H. and Taylor, I. and Taylor, R. and Thorne, K. S. and Tibbits, M. and Tilav, S. and Tinto, M. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Torres, C. and Torrie, C. and Traeger, S. and Traylor, G. and Tyler, W. and Ugolini, D. and Vallisneri, M. and van Putten, M. and Vass, S. and Vecchio, A. and Vorvick, C. and Vyachanin, S. P. and Wallace, L. and Walther, H. and Ward, H. and Ware, B. and Watts, K. and Webber, D. and Weidner, A. and Weiland, U. and Weiss, R. and Welling, H. and Wen, L. and Wen, S. and Whelan, J. T. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Whiting, B. F. and Willems, P. A. and Williams, P. R. and Williams, R. and Willke, B. and Wilson, A. and Winjum, B. J. and Winkler, W. and Wise, S. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yoshida, S. and Zawischa, I. and Zhang, L. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. and Zweizig, J. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2004) Analysis of first LIGO science data for stochastic gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 69 (12). Art. No. 122004. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ABBprd04c

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Abstract

We present the analysis of between 50 and 100 h of coincident interferometric strain data used to search for and establish an upper limit on a stochastic background of gravitational radiation. These data come from the first LIGO science run, during which all three LIGO interferometers were operated over a 2-week period spanning August and September of 2002. The method of cross correlating the outputs of two interferometers is used for analysis. We describe in detail practical signal processing issues that arise when working with real data, and we establish an observational upper limit on a f^-3 power spectrum of gravitational waves. Our 90% confidence limit is Ω0h100(^2)<~23±4.6 in the frequency band 40–314 Hz, where h100 is the Hubble constant in units of 100 km/sec/Mpc and Ω0 is the gravitational wave energy density per logarithmic frequency interval in units of the closure density. This limit is approximately 104 times better than the previous, broadband direct limit using interferometric detectors, and nearly 3 times better than the best narrow-band bar detector limit. As LIGO and other worldwide detectors improve in sensitivity and attain their design goals, the analysis procedures described here should lead to stochastic background sensitivity levels of astrophysical interest.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.69.122004DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevD.69.122004PublisherUNSPECIFIED
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2004 American Physical Society. Received 14 January 2004; published 30 June 2004. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This paper has been assigned LIGO Document Number LIGO-P030009-H-Z.
Group:TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC)UNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen (Germany)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y CienciaUNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheimn FoundationUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gravitational wave detectors; gravitational waves; light interferometry; stochastic processes
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P030009-H-Z
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ABBprd04c
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ABBprd04c
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:12967
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 Jan 2009 18:46
Last Modified:25 Feb 2014 22:56

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