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Upper limits on gravitational wave bursts in LIGO's second science run

Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, R. and Ageev, A. and Agresti, J. and Allen, B. and Allen, J. and Amin, R. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Ashley, M. and Asiri, F. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Balasubramanian, R. and Ballmer, S. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, C. and Barker, D. and Barnes, M. and Barr, B. and Barton, M. A. and Bayer, K. and Beausoleil, R. and Belczynski, K. and Bennett, R. and Berukoff, S. J. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhawal, B. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, K. and Blackburn, L. and Bland, B. and Bochner, B. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Brown, D. A. and Bullington, A. and Bunkowski, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burgess, R. and Busby, D. and Butler, W. E. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Cagnoli, G. and Camp, J. B. and Cannizzo, J. and Cannon, K. and Cantley, C. A. and Cardenas, L. and Carter, K. and Casey, M. M. and Castiglione, J. and Chandler, A. and Chapsky, J. and Charlton, P. and Chatterji, S. and Chelkowski, S. and Chen, Y. and Chickarmane, V. and Chin, D. and Christensen, N. and Churches, D. and Cokelaer, T. and Colacino, C. and Coldwell, R. and Coles, M. and Cook, D. and Corbitt, T. and Coyne, D. and Creighton, J. D. E. and Creighton, T. D. and Crooks, D. R. M. and Csatorday, P. and Cusack, B. J. and Cutler, C. and Dalrymple, J. and D’Ambrosio, E. and Danzmann, K. and Davies, G. and Daw, E. and DeBra, D. and Delker, T. and Dergachev, V. and Desai, S. and DeSalvo, R. and Dhurandhar, S. and Di Credico, A. and Díaz, M. and Ding, H. and Drever, R. W. P. and Dupuis, R. J. and Edlund, J. A. and Ehrens, P. and Elliffe, E. J. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. and Fairhurst, S. and Fallnich, C. and Farnham, D. and Fejer, M. M. and Findley, T. and Fine, M. and Finn, L. S. and Franzen, K. Y. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fyffe, M. and Ganezer, K. S. and Garofoli, J. and Giaime, J. A. and Gillespie, A. and Goda, K. and Goggin, L. and González, G. and Goßler, S. and Grandclément, P. and Grant, A. and Gray, C. and Gretarsson, A. M. and Grimmett, D. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Guenther, M. and Gustafson, E. and Gustafson, R. and Hamilton, W. O. and Hammond, M. and Hanson, J. and Hardham, C. and Harms, J. and Harry, G. and Hartunian, A. and Heefner, J. and Hefetz, Y. and Heinzel, G. and Heng, I. S. and Hennessy, M. and Hepler, N. and Heptonstall, A. and Heurs, M. and Hewitson, M. and Hild, S. and Hindman, N. and Hoang, P. and Hough, J. and Hrynevych, M. and Hua, W. and Ito, M. and Itoh, Y. and Ivanov, A. and Jennrich, O. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, W. W. and Johnston, W. R. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, G. and Jones, L. and Jungwirth, D. and Kalogera, V. and Katsavounidis, E. and Kawabe, K. and Kawamura, S. and Kells, W. and Kern, J. and Khan, A. and Killbourn, S. and Killow, C. J. and Kim, C. and King, C. and King, P. and Klimenko, S. and Koranda, S. and Kötter, K. and Kovalik, J. and Kozak, D. and Krishnan, B. and Landry, M. and Langdale, J. and Lantz, B. and Lawrence, R. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, M. and Leonor, I. and Libbrecht, K. and Libson, A. and Lindquist, P. and Liu, S. and Logan, J. and Lormand, M. and Lubinski, M. and Lück, H. and Luna, M. and Lyons, T. T. and Machenschalk, B. and MacInnis, M. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Majid, W. and Malec, M. and Mandic, V. and Mann, F. and Marin, A. and Márka, S. and Maros, E. and Mason, J. and Mason, K. and Matherny, O. and Matone, L. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McHugh, M. and Melissinos, A. and Mendell, G. and Mercer, R. A. and Meshkov, S. and Messaritaki, E. and Messenger, C. and Mikhailov, E. and Mitra, S. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Mitselmakher, G. and Mittleman, R. and Miyakawa, O. and Miyoki, S. and Mohanty, S. and Moreno, G. and Mossavi, K. and Mueller, G. and Mukherjee, S. and Murray, P. and Myers, E. and Myers, J. and Nagano, S. and Nash, T. and Nayak, R. and Newton, G. and Nocera, F. and Noel, J. S. and Nutzman, P. and Olson, T. and O’Reilly, B. and Ottaway, D. J. and Ottewill, A. and Ouimette, D. and Overmier, H. and Owen, B. J. and Pan, Y. and Papa, M. A. and Parameshwaraiah, V. and Ajith, P. and Parameswariah, C. and Pedraza, M. and Penn, S. and Pitkin, M. and Plissi, M. and Prix, R. and Quetschke, V. and Raab, F. and Radkins, H. and Rahkola, R. and Rakhmanov, M. and Rao, S. R. and Rawlins, K. and Ray-Majumder, S. and Re, V. and Redding, D. and Regehr, M. W. and Regimbau, T. and Reid, S. and Reilly, T. and Reithmaier, K. and Reitze, D. H. and Richman, S. and Riesen, R. and Riles, K. and Rivera, B. and Rizzi, A. and Robertson, D. I. and Robertson, N. A. and Robinson, C. and Robison, L. and Roddy, S. and Rodriguez, A. and Rollins, J. and Romano, J. D. and Romie, J. and Rong, H. and Rose, D. and Rotthoff, E. and Rowan, S. and Rüdiger, A. and Ruet, L. and Russell, P. and Ryan, K. and Salzman, I. and Sandberg, V. and Sanders, G. H. and Sannibale, V. and Sarin, P. and Sathyaprakash, B. and Saulson, P. R. and Savage, R. and Sazonov, A. and Schilling, R. and Schlaufman, K. and Schmidt, V. and Schnabel, R. and Schofield, R. and Schutz, B. F. and Schwinberg, P. and Scott, S. M. and Seader, S. E. and Searle, A. C. and Sears, B. and Seel, S. and Seifert, F. and Sellers, D. and Sengupta, A. S. and Shapiro, C. A. and Shawhan, P. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Shu, Q. Z. and Sibley, A. and Siemens, X. and Sievers, L. and Sigg, D. and Sintes, A. M. and Smith, J. R. and Smith, M. and Smith, M. R. and Sneddon, P. 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J. and Winkler, W. and Wise, S. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Woods, D. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Wu, W. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yoshida, S. and Zaleski, K. D. and Zanolin, M. and Zawischa, I. and Zhang, L. and Zhu, R. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. and Zweizig, J. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2005) Upper limits on gravitational wave bursts in LIGO's second science run. Physical Review D, 72 (6). Art. No. 062001. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ABBprd05b

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Abstract

We perform a search for gravitational wave bursts using data from the second science run of the LIGO detectors, using a method based on a wavelet time-frequency decomposition. This search is sensitive to bursts of duration much less than a second and with frequency content in the 100–1100 Hz range. It features significant improvements in the instrument sensitivity and in the analysis pipeline with respect to the burst search previously reported by LIGO. Improvements in the search method allow exploring weaker signals, relative to the detector noise floor, while maintaining a low false alarm rate, O(0.1) μHz. The sensitivity in terms of the root-sum-square (rss) strain amplitude lies in the range of hrss∼10^-20 - 10^-19  Hz^-1/2. No gravitational wave signals were detected in 9.98 days of analyzed data. We interpret the search result in terms of a frequentist upper limit on the rate of detectable gravitational wave bursts at the level of 0.26 events per day at 90% confidence level. We combine this limit with measurements of the detection efficiency for selected waveform morphologies in order to yield rate versus strength exclusion curves as well as to establish order-of-magnitude distance sensitivity to certain modeled astrophysical sources. Both the rate upper limit and its applicability to signal strengths improve our previously reported limits and reflect the most sensitive broad-band search for untriggered and unmodeled gravitational wave bursts to date.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.72.062001DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevD.72.062001PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2005 American Physical Society. Received 7 June 2005; published 8 September 2005. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This document has been assigned LIGO Laboratory document number LIGO-P040040-A-R.
Group:TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC)UNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen (Germany)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (Spain)UNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:gravitational wave detectors; gravitational waves; light interferometry; time-frequency analysis; waveform analysis
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P040040-A-R
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ABBprd05b
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ABBprd05b
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:13020
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 Feb 2009 23:15
Last Modified:25 Feb 2014 22:54

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