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Solitons in Nonlinear Media with an Infinite Range of Nonlocality: First Observation of Coherent Elliptic Solitons and of Vortex-Ring Solitons

Rotschild, Carmel and Cohen, Oren and Manela, Ofer and Segev, Mordechai and Carmon, Tal (2005) Solitons in Nonlinear Media with an Infinite Range of Nonlocality: First Observation of Coherent Elliptic Solitons and of Vortex-Ring Solitons. Physical Review Letters, 95 (21). Art. no. 213904. ISSN 0031-9007. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ROTprl05

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Abstract

We present an experimental study on wave propagation in highly nonlocal optically nonlinear media, for which far-away boundary conditions significantly affect the evolution of localized beams. As an example, we set the boundary conditions to be anisotropic and demonstrate the first experimental observation of coherent elliptic solitons. Furthermore, exploiting the natural ability of such nonlinearities to eliminate azimuthal instabilities, we perform the first observation of stable vortex-ring solitons. These features of highly nonlocal nonlinearities affected by far-away boundary conditions open new directions in nonlinear science by facilitating remote control over soliton propagation.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2005 The American Physical Society (Received 28 December 2004; published 17 November 2005) This work was supported by the Israeli Science Foundation and the German-Israeli DIP Project.
Subject Keywords:optical solitons; optical vortices; stability; optical self-focusing; optical glass; light coherence
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ROTprl05
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ROTprl05
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.213904
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1345
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:11 Jan 2006
Last Modified:18 Sep 2014 18:11

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