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State-Dependent Computation Using Coupled Recurrent Networks

Rutishauser, Ueli and Douglas, Rodney J. (2009) State-Dependent Computation Using Coupled Recurrent Networks. Neural Computation, 21 (2). pp. 478-509. ISSN 0899-7667. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:RUTnc89

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Abstract

Although conditional branching between possible behavioral states is a hallmark of intelligent behavior, very little is known about the neuronal mechanisms that support this processing. In a step toward solving this problem, we demonstrate by theoretical analysis and simulation how networks of richly interconnected neurons, such as those observed in the superficial layers of the neocortex, can embed reliable, robust finite state machines. We show how a multistable neuronal network containing a number of states can be created very simply by coupling two recurrent networks whose synaptic weights have been configured for soft winner-take-all (sWTA) performance. These two sWTAs have simple, homogeneous, locally recurrent connectivity except for a small fraction of recurrent cross-connections between them, which are used to embed the required states. This coupling between the maps allows the network to continue to express the current state even after the input that elicited that state iswithdrawn. In addition, a small number of transition neurons implement the necessary input-driven transitions between the embedded states. We provide simple rules to systematically design and construct neuronal state machines of this kind. The significance of our finding is that it offers a method whereby the cortex could construct networks supporting a broad range of sophisticated processing by applying only small specializations to the same generic neuronal circuit.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/neco.2008.03-08-734DOIArticle
http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/neco.2008.03-08-734PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Rutishauser, Ueli0000-0002-9207-7069
Additional Information:© 2008 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Received March 24, 2008; accepted June 24, 2008; posted online February 11, 2009. We thank the participants of the Neuromorphic Engineering workshop in Cappo Caccia, Sardinia (CNE 2008) for discussion and Robert Rohrkemper for help with figure preparation. This research was funded by the European Union (DAISY project, FP6-2005-015803) and the California Institute of Technology.
Group:Koch Laboratory, KLAB
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European UnionFP6-2005-015803
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:WINNER-TAKE-ALL; SHORT-TERM-MEMORY; NEURAL-NETWORKS; CORTICAL CIRCUITS; NEURONAL CIRCUITS; VISUAL-CORTEX; INHIBITION; AUTOMATA; NEOCORTEX; REPRESENTATION
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:RUTnc89
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:RUTnc89
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:13678
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:25 Jun 2009 17:00
Last Modified:26 Jan 2015 20:00

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