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Pressure Pulses Generated by Cloud Cavitation

Reisman, G. E. and Brennen, C. E. (1996) Pressure Pulses Generated by Cloud Cavitation. In: 1996 Fluids Engineering Division Conference. Fluids Engineering Division. Vol.FED-236. No.236. American Society of Mechanical Engineers , New York, pp. 319-328. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:REIfed96

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Abstract

This paper describes an experimental investigation of the large unsteady and impulsive pressures which are experienced on the suction surface of both an oscillating and static hydrofoil as a result of cloud cavitation. The present experiments used piezo-electric transducers to measure unsteady pressures at four locations along the chord of the foil and at two locations along the walls of the tunnel test section. These transducers measured very large positive pressure pulses with amplitudes of the order of tens of atmospheres and with durations of the order of tenths of milliseconds. Two distinct types of pressure pulse were identified. "Local" pulses occurred at a single transducer location and were randomly distributed in position and time; several local impulses could be recorded by each transducer during an oscillation cycle. On the other hand, "global" impulses were registered by all the transducers almost simultaneously. Correlation of the transducer output with high speed movies of the cavitation revealed that they were produced by a large scale collapse of the bubble cloud. The location of the global impulses relative to the foil oscillation was quite repeatable and produced substantial far-field noise. The high speed movies also showed that the local impulses were caused both by crescent-shaped regions of low void fraction and by small bubbly structures. These regions appeared to be bounded by bubbly shock waves which were associated with the large pressure pulses. The paper also quantifies the effect of reduced frequency, cavitation number and tunnel velocity on the strength of the pressure pulses by presenting the acoustic impulse for a range of flow conditions. The reduced frequency is an important parameter in the determination of the total impulse level and the local and global pulse distribution. Large impulses are present on the foil surface even at cavitation numbers which do not result in large levels of acoustic radiation or global impulse. The total impulse increases with increasing tunnel velocity.


Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:We wish to thank John Van Deusen and Rodney Rojas for their help in fabricating the foil. The authors are also very grateful for the assistance provided by Amir Alagheband, Amy Herr, Don Kwak, Tricia Waniewski and Cecilia Lin. We are also deeply appreciative of the support of the Office of Naval Research who sponsored this research under grant number N00014-91-J-1295.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:REIfed96
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:REIfed96
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:141
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Christopher Brennen
Deposited On:27 Oct 2004
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:39

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