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The sciences in America, circa 1880

Kevles, Daniel J. and Sturchio, Jeffrey L. and Carroll, P. Thomas (1980) The sciences in America, circa 1880. Science, 209 (4552). pp. 26-32. ISSN 0036-8075. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20090807-141212060

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Abstract

For many years American science in the late 19th century was regarded as an intellectual backwater. This view derived from the assumption that the health of American science at the time was equivalent to the condition of pure science, especially pure physics. However, a closer look reveals that there was considerable vitality in American scientific research, especially in the earth and life sciences. This vitality is explainable in part by the natural scientific resources of the American continent but also in part by the energy given science from religious impulses, social reformism, and practicality. Furthermore, contrary to recent assumptions, the federal government was a significant patron of American science. The portrait of American science circa 1880 advanced in this article suggests that the nation's scientific enterprise was characterized by pluralism of institutional support and motive and that such pluralism has historically been the normal mode.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.7025200DOIArticle
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/209/4452/26PublisherArticle
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1684832JSTORArticle
Additional Information:© 1980 American Association for the Advancement of Science. We thank Steven Shapin for his comments.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20090807-141212060
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20090807-141212060
Official Citation:Kevles, D., Sturchio, J., & Carroll, P. (1980). The sciences in America, circa 1880. Science, 209(4452), 26-32. doi: 10.1126/science.7025200
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:14873
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Lindsay Cleary
Deposited On:10 Aug 2009 23:22
Last Modified:11 Mar 2015 19:39

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