Wu, Yanling and Charmandaris, Vassilis and Huang, Jiasheng and Spinoglio, Luigi and Tommasin, Silvia (2009) Spitzer/IRS 5-35 μm Low-resolution Spectroscopy of the 12 μm Seyfert Sample. Astrophysical Journal, 701 (1). pp. 658-676. ISSN 0004-637X http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20090808-142505995
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We present low-resolution 5.5-35 μm spectra for 103 galaxies from the 12 μm Seyfert sample, a complete unbiased 12 μm flux limited sample of local Seyfert galaxies selected from the IRAS Faint Source Catalog, obtained with the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) on-board Spitzer Space Telescope. For 70 of the sources observed in the IRS mapping mode, uniformly extracted nuclear spectra are presented for the first time. We performed an analysis of the continuum emission, the strength of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and astronomical silicate features of the sources. We find that on average, the 15-30 μm slope of the continuum is α_(15-30) = -0.85 +/- 0.61 for Seyfert 1s and -1.53 +/- 0.84 for Seyfert 2s, and there is substantial scatter in each type. Moreover, nearly 32% of the Seyfert 1s, and 9% of the Seyfert 2s, display a peak in the mid-infrared spectrum at 20 μm, which is attributed to an additional hot dust component. The PAH equivalent width decreases with increasing dust temperature, as indicated by the global infrared color of the host galaxies. However, no statistical difference in PAH equivalent width is detected between the two Seyfert types, 1 and 2, of the same bolometric luminosity. The silicate features at 9.7 and 18 μm in Seyfert 1 galaxies are rather weak, while Seyfert 2s are more likely to display strong silicate absorption. Those Seyfert 2s with the highest silicate absorption also have high infrared luminosity and high absorption (hydrogen column density N_H > 10^(23) cm^(-2)) as measured from the X-rays. Finally, we propose a new method to estimate the active galactic nucleus contribution to the integrated 12 μm galaxy emission, by subtracting the "star formation" component in the Seyfert galaxies, making use of the tight correlation between PAH 11.2 μm luminosity and 12 μm uminosity for star-forming galaxies.
|Additional Information:||© 2009. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2009 April 6; accepted 2009 June 12; published 2009 July 27. Print publication: Issue 1 (2009 August 10). We acknowledge L. Armus, M. Malkan, Y. Shi, and M. Elvis for helpful science discussions. We thank J.D. Smith with help on the use of CUBISM to extract spectral mapping data. We thank H. Spoon and L. Hao for help in measuring the silicate features. We thank an anonymous referee whose comments help to improve this manuscript. V.C. acknowledges partial support from the EU ToK grant 39965. L.S. and S.T. acknowledge support from the Italian Space Agency (ASI).|
|Subject Keywords:||galaxies: active; galaxies: Seyfert; galaxies: starburst; infrared: galaxies; techniques: spectroscopic|
|Official Citation:||Spitzer/IRS 5-35 μm Low-resolution Spectroscopy of the 12 μm Seyfert Sample Yanling Wu, Vassilis Charmandaris, Jiasheng Huang, Luigi Spinoglio, and Silvia Tommasin 2009 ApJ 701 658-676 doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/658|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||George Porter|
|Deposited On:||02 Sep 2009 19:52|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 11:10|
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