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First LIGO search for gravitational wave bursts from cosmic (super)strings

Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Allen, G. and Amin, R. S. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Arain, M. A. and Araya, M. and Armandula, H. and Armor, P. and Aso, Y. and Aston, S. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Baker, P. and Ballmer, S. and Barker, D. and Barr, B. and Barriga, P. and Barsotti, L. and Barton, M. A. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Bastarrika, M. and Behnke, B. and Benacquista, M. and Betzwieser, J. and Beyersdorf, P. T. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Biswas, R. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blackburn, L. and Blair, D. and Bland, B. and Bodiya, T. P. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Bridges , D. O. and Brinkmann, M. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. A. and Brummit, A. and Brunet, G. and Bullington, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burmeister, O. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Camp, J. 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G. and Echols, C. and Edgar, M. and Effler, A. and Ehrens, P. and Espinoza, E. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. and Fairhurst, S. and Faltas, Y. and Fan, Y. and Fazi, D. and Fehrmann, H. and Finn, L. S. and Flasch, K. and Foley, S. and Forrest, C. and Fotopoulos, N. and Franzen, A. and Frede, M. and Frei, M. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fricke, T. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fyffe, M. and Galdi, V. and Garofoli, J. A. and Gholami, I. and Giaime, J. A. and Giampanis, S. and Giardina, K. D. and Goda, K. and Goetz, E. and Goggin, L. M. and González, G. and Gorodetsky, M. L. and Goßler, S. and Gouaty, R. and Grant, A. and Gras, S. and Gray, C. and Gray, M. and Greenhalgh, R. J. S. and Gretarsson, A. M. and Grimaldi, F. and Grosso, R. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Guenther, M. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Hage, B. and Hallam, J. M. and Hammer, D. and Hammond, G. D. and Hanna, C. and Hanson, J. and Harms, J. and Harry, G. M. and Harry, I. W. and Harstad, E. D. and Haughian, K. and Hayama, K. and Heefner, J. and Heng, I. S. and Heptonstall, A. and Hewitson, M. and Hild, S. and Hirose, E. and Hoak, D. and Hodge, K. A. and Holt, K. and Hosken, D. J. and Hough, J. and Hoyland, D. and Hughey, B. and Huttner, S. H. and Ingram, D. R. and Isogai, T. and Ito, M. and Ivanov, A. and Johnson, B. and Johnson, W. W. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, G. and Jones, R. and Ju, L. and Kalmus, P. and Kalogera, V. and Kandhasamy, S. and Kanner, J. and Kasprzyk, D. and Katsavounidis, E. and Kawabe, K. and Kawamura, S. and Kawazoe, F. and Kells, W. and Keppel, D. G. and Khalaidovski, A. and Khalili, F. Y. and Khan, R. and Khazanov, E. and King, P. and Kissel, J. S. and Klimenko, S. and Kokeyama, K. and Kondrashov, V. and Kopparapu, R. and Koranda, S. and Kozak, D. and Krishnan, B. and Kumar, R. and Kwee, P. K. and Lam, P. K. and Landry, M. and Lantz, B. and Lazzarini, A. and Lei, H. and Lei , M. and Leindecker, N. and Leonor, I. and Li, C. and Lin, H. and Lindquist, P. E. and Littenberg, T. B. and Lockerbie, N. A. and Lodhia, D. and Longo, M. and Lormand, M. and Lu, P. and Lubinski, M. and Lucianetti, A. and Lück, H. and Machenschalk, B. and MacInnis, M. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Mandel, I. and Mandic, V. and Márka, S. and Márka, Z. and Markosyan, A. and Markowitz, J. and Maros, E. and Martin, I. W. and Martin, R. M. and Marx, J. N. and Mason , K. and Matichard, F. and Matone, L. and Matzner, R. A. and Mavalvala, N. and McCarthy, R. and McClelland, D. E. and McGuire, S. C. and McHugh, M. and McIntyre, G. and McKechan, D. J. A. and McKenzie, K. and Mehmet, M. and Melatos, A. and Melissinos, A. C. and Menéndez, D. F. and Mendell, G. and Mercer, R. A. and Meshkov, S. and Messenger, C. and Meyer, M. S. and Miller, J. and Minelli, J. and Mino, Y. and Mitrofanov, V. P. and Mitselmakher, G. and Mittleman, R. and Miyakawa, O. and Moe, B. and Mohanty, S. D. and Mohapatra, S. R. P. and Moreno, G. and Morioka, T. and Mors, K. and Mossavi, K. and MowLowry, C. and Mueller, G. and Müller-Ebhardt, H. and Muhammad, D. and Mukherjee, S. and Mukhopadhyay, H. and Mullavey, A. and Munch, J. and Murray, P. G. and Myers, E. and Myers, J. and Nash, T. and Nelson, J. and Newton, G. and Nishizawa, A. and Numata, K. and O'Dell, J. and O'Reilly, B. and O'Shaughnessy, R. and Ochsner, E. and Ogin, G. H. and Ottaway, D. J. and Ottens, R. S. and Overmier, H. and Owen, B. J. and Pan, Y. and Pankow, C. and Papa, M. A. and Parameshwaraiah, V. and Patel, P. and Pedraza, M. and Penn, S. and Perreca, A. and Pierro, V. and Pinto, I. M. and Pitkin, M. and Pletsch, H. J. and Plissi, M. V. and Postiglione, F. and Principe, M. and Prix, R. and Prokhorov, L. and Punken, O. and Quetschke, V. and Raab, F. J. and Rabeling, D. S. and Radkins, H. and Raffai, P. and Raics, Z. and Rainer, N. and Rakhmanov, M. and Raymond, V. and Reed, C. M. and Reed, T. and Rehbein, H. and Reid, S. and Reitze, D. H. and Riles, K. and Rivera, B. and Roberts, P. and Robertson, N. A. and Robinson, C. and Robinson, E. L. and Roddy, S. and Röver, C. and Rollins, J. and Romano, J. D. and Romie, J. H. and Rowan, S. and Rüdiger, A. and Russell, P. and Ryan, K. and Sakata, S. and Sancho-de-la-Jordana, L. and Sandberg, V. and Sannibale, V. and Santamaría, L. and Saraf, S. and Sarin, P. and Sathyaprakash, B. S. and Sato, A. H. and Satterthwaite, M. and Saulson, P. R. and Savage, R. and Savov, P. and Scanlan, M. and Schilling, R. and Schnabel, R. and Schofield, R. and Schulz, B. and Schutz, B. F. and Schwinberg, P. and Scott, J. and Scott, S. M. and Searle, A. C. and Sears, B. and Seifert, F. and Sellers, D. and Sengupta, A. S. and Sergeev, A. and Shapiro, B. and Shawhan, P. and Shoemaker, D. H. and Sibley, A. and Siemens, X. and Sigg, D. and Sinha, S. and Sintes, A. M. and Slagmolen, B. J. J. and Slutsky, J. and Smith, J. R. and Smith, M. R. and Smith, N. D. and Somiya, K. and Sorazu, B. and Stein, A. and Stein, L. C. and Steplewski, S. and Stochino, A. and Stone, R. and Strain, K. A. and Strigin, S. and Stroeer, A. and Stuver, A. L. and Summerscales, T. Z. and Sun, K. -X. and Sung , M. and Sutton, P. J. and Szokoly, G. P. and Talukder, D. and Tang, L. and Tanner, D. B. and Tarabrin, S. P. and Taylor , J. R. and Taylor, R. and Thacker, J. and Thorne, K. A. and Thorne, K. S. and Thüring, A. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Torres, C. and Torrie, C. and Traylor, G. and Trias, M. and Ugolini, D. and Ulmen, J. and Urbanek, K. and Vahlbruch, H. and Vallisneri, M. and Van-Den-Broeck, C. and van-der-Sluys, M. V. and van-Veggel, A. A. and Vass, S. and Vaulin, R. and Vecchio, A. and Veitch, J. and Veitch, P. and Veltkamp, C. and Villar, A. and Vorvick, C. and Vyachanin, S. P. and Waldman, S. J. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. L. and Weidner, A. and Weinert, M. and Weiss, R. and Wen, L. and Wen, S. and Wette, K. and Whelan, J. T. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Whiting, B. F. and Wilkinson, C. and Willems, P. A. and Williams, H. R. and Williams, L. and Willke, B. and Wilmut, I. and Winkelmann, L. and Winkler, W. and Wipf, C. C. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Wu, W. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yan, Z. and Yoshida, S. and Zanolin, M. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, L. and Zhao, C. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. E. and zur-Mühlen, H. and Zweizig, J. and Robinet, F and Weinstein, Alan J. (2009) First LIGO search for gravitational wave bursts from cosmic (super)strings. Physical Review D, 80 (6). Art. No. 062002. ISSN 0556-2821.

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We report on a matched-filter search for gravitational wave bursts from cosmic string cusps using LIGO data from the fourth science run (S4) which took place in February and March 2005. No gravitational waves were detected in 14.9 days of data from times when all three LIGO detectors were operating. We interpret the result in terms of a frequentist upper limit on the rate of gravitational wave bursts and use the limits on the rate to constrain the parameter space (string tension, reconnection probability, and loop sizes) of cosmic string models. Many grand unified theory-scale models (with string tension Gµ/c^2[approximate]10^(-6)) can be ruled out at 90% confidence for reconnection probabilities p<=10^(-3) if loop sizes are set by gravitational back reaction.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Kalogera, V.0000-0001-9236-5469
Nishizawa, A.0000-0003-3562-0990
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2009 The American Physical Society. Received 29 May 2009; published 23 September 2009. The authors would like to thank Irit Maor and Alexander Vilenkin for useful discussions. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/ Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. LIGO DCC No. LIGO-P0900026.
Group:TAPIR, Space Radiation Laboratory, LIGO
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Astronomy Research Council (UK)UNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
John Simon Guggenheim FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
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Classification Code:PACS: 11.27.+d; 11.25.-w; 98.80.Cq
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20091021-153057198
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:16433
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:26 Oct 2009 20:58
Last Modified:10 Mar 2017 21:50

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