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Search for gravitational wave ringdowns from perturbed black holes in LIGO S4 data

Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Adhikari, R. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Allen, G. and Amin, R. S. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Arain, M. A. and Araya , M. and Armandula, H. and Armor, P. and Aso, Y. and Aston, S. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and Babak, S. and Baker, P. and Ballmer, S. and Barker, C. and Barker, D. and Barr, B. and Barriga, P. and Barsotti, L. and Barton, M. A. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Bastarrika, M. and Behnke, B. and Benacquista, M. and Betzwieser, J. and Beyersdorf, P. T. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Biswas, R. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blackburn, L. and Blair, D. and Bland, B. and Bodiya, T. P. and Bogue, L. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, S. and Brady, P. R. and Braginsky, V. B. and Brau, J. E. and Bridges , D. O. and Brinkmann, M. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. A. and Brummit, A. and Brunet, G. and Bullington, A. and Buonanno, A. and Burmeister, O. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Camp, J. 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H. and Sibley, A. and Siemens, X. and Sigg, D. and Sinha, S. and Sintes, A. M. and Slagmolen, B. J. J. and Slutsky, J. and Smith, J. R. and Smith, M. R. and Smith, N. D. and Somiya, K. and Sorazu, B. and Stein, A. and Stein, L. C. and Steplewski, S. and Stochino, A. and Stone, R. and Strain, K. A. and Strigin, S. and Stroeer, A. and Stuver, A. L. and Summerscales, T. Z. and Sun, K. -X. and Sung, M. and Sutton, P. J. and Szokoly, G. P. and Talukder, D. and Tang, L. and Tanner, D. B. and Tarabrin, S. P. and Taylor , J. R. and Taylor, R. and Thacker, J. and Thorne, K. A. and Thorne, K. S. and Thüring, A. and Tokmakov, K. V. and Torres, C. and Torrie, C. and Traylor, G. and Trias, M. and Ugolini, D. and Ulmen, J. and Urbanek, K. and Vahlbruch, H. and Vallisneri, M. and Van-Den-Broeck, C. and van-der-Sluys, M. V. and van-Veggel, A. A. and Vass, S. and Vaulin, R. and Vecchio, A. and Veitch, J. and Veitch, P. and Veltkamp, C. and Villar, A. and Vorvick, C. and Vyachanin, S. P. and Waldman, S. J. and Wallace, L. and Ward, R. L. and Weidner, A. and Weinert, M. and Weiss, R. and Wen, L. and Wen, S. and Wette, K. and Whelan, J. T. and Whitcomb, S. E. and Whiting, B. F. and Wilkinson, C. and Willems, P. A. and Williams, H. R. and Williams, L. and Willke, B. and Wilmut, I. and Winkelmann, L. and Winkler, W. and Wipf, C. C. and Wiseman, A. G. and Woan, G. and Wooley, R. and Worden, J. and Wu, W. and Yakushin, I. and Yamamoto, H. and Yan, Z. and Yoshida, S. and Zanolin, M. and Zhang , J. and Zhang, L. and Zhao, C. and Zotov, N. and Zucker, M. E. and zur-Mühlen, H. and Zweizig, J. and Weinstein, Alan J. (2009) Search for gravitational wave ringdowns from perturbed black holes in LIGO S4 data. Physical Review D, 80 (6). Art. No. 062001. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20091023-111958820

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Abstract

According to general relativity a perturbed black hole will settle to a stationary configuration by the emission of gravitational radiation. Such a perturbation will occur, for example, in the coalescence of a black hole binary, following their inspiral and subsequent merger. At late times the waveform is a superposition of quasinormal modes, which we refer to as the ringdown. The dominant mode is expected to be the fundamental mode, l = m = 2. Since this is a well-known waveform, matched filtering can be implemented to search for this signal using LIGO data. We present a search for gravitational waves from black hole ringdowns in the fourth LIGO science run S4, during which LIGO was sensitive to the dominant mode of perturbed black holes with masses in the range of 10M_☉ to 500M_☉, the regime of intermediate-mass black holes, to distances up to 300 Mpc. We present a search for gravitational waves from black hole ringdowns using data from S4. No gravitational wave candidates were found; we place a 90%-confidence upper limit on the rate of ringdowns from black holes with mass between 85M_☉ and 390M_☉ in the local universe, assuming a uniform distribution of sources, of 3:2 X 10^(-5) yr^(-1) Mpc^(-3)= 1:6 X 10^(-3) yr^(-1)L_10-^1 L_(10) ; where L_(10) is 10^(10) times the solar blue-light luminosity.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.80.062001DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevD.80.062001 PublisherUNSPECIFIED
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Weinstein, Alan J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Additional Information:© 2009 The American Physical Society. Received 22 June 2009; published 9 September 2009. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory and the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Educaciόn y Ciencia, the Conselleria d’Economia, Hisenda i Innovaciό of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. This paper was assigned LIGO document number LIGO-P080093.
Group:TAPIR
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Spanish Ministerio de Educaciόn y CienciaUNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’EconomiaUNSPECIFIED
Hisenda i Innovaciό of the Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Carnegie TrustUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGOLIGO-P080093
Classification Code:95.85.Sz; 04.80.Nn; 07.05.Kf; 97.60.Jd
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20091023-111958820
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20091023-111958820
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:16469
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:26 Oct 2009 21:02
Last Modified:14 Jan 2014 21:34

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