Wassgren, C. R. and Hunt, M. L. and Brennen, C. E. (1996) Vertical Side Wall Convection in Deep Beds of Granular Material Subjected to Vertical, Sinusoidal Oscillations. In: 5th World Congress of Chemical Engineering, July 1996, San Diego, CA, USA. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:WASwcce96
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When a deep bed of granular material is subjected to vertical, sinusoidal oscillations, a number of interesting phenomena appear including heaps, convection cells, surface waves, and arches. This paper examines the convection cell phenomena associated with vertical side walls using two-dimensional discrete element simulations. Measurements from the simulations indicate that when the container aspect ratio, defined as the depth of the granular bed, H, divided by the width of the container, W, is large, convection cells interact and the boundary layer width of the downward flow of particles against the walls varies linearly with the container width. However, when the container aspect ratio [is] small and the convection cells do not interact, the boundary layer width remains at a nearly constant value of ten particle diameters. Other simulation measurements show that the vertical location of the convection cell center remains close to the free surface regardless of container aspect ratio. Additional measurements show that the particle flow rate per oscillation cycle in the boundary layer increases with increasing vibration amplitude and velocity. Lastly, the asymmetric drag mechanism proposed as the cause of the side wall convection cells is briefly examined.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Additional Information:||The authors wish to acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation who supported this work under NSF grant CTS 9300665.|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Christopher Brennen|
|Deposited On:||06 Jan 2005|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 08:39|
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