Lawrence, J. S. and Ashley, M. C. B. and Bunker, A. and Bouwens, R. and Burgarella, D. and Burton, M. G. and Gehrels , N. and Glazebrook, K. and Pimbblet, K. and Quimby, R. and Saunders, W. and Storey, J. W. V. and Wheeler, J. C. (2009) The Science Case for PILOT II: the Distant Universe. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 26 (4). pp. 397-414. ISSN 1323-3580 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20091125-120417966
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PILOT (the Pathfinder for an International Large Optical Telescope) is a proposed 2.5-m optical/infrared telescope to be located at Dome C on the Antarctic plateau. The atmospheric conditions at Dome C deliver a high sensitivity, high photometric precision, wide-field, high spatial resolution, and high-cadence imaging capability to the PILOT telescope. These capabilities enable a unique scientific potential for PILOT, which is addressed in this series of papers. The current paper presents a series of projects dealing with the distant (redshift >1) Universe, that have been identified as key science drivers for the PILOT facility. The potential for PILOT to detect the first populations of stars to form in the early Universe, via infrared projects searching for pair-instability supernovae and gamma-ray burst afterglows, is investigated. Two projects are proposed to examine the assembly and evolution of structure in the Universe: an infrared survey searching for the first evolved galaxies at high redshift, and an optical survey aimed at characterising moderate-redshift galaxy clusters. Finally, a large-area weak-lensing survey and a program to obtain supernova infrared light-curves are proposed to examine the nature and evolution of dark energy and dark matter.
|Additional Information:||© 2009 CSIRO. Submitted: 24 November 2008; accepted: 15 April 2009; published: 4 November 2009. The PILOT Science Case, presented here, was produced as part of the PILOT conceptual design study, funded through the Australian Department of Education, Science, and Training through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) scheme, and the University of New South Wales through the UNSW PILOT Science Office. The European contribution has been supported by the ARENA network of the European Commission FP6 under contract RICA26150.|
|Subject Keywords:||early universe; cosmology: observations; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: high-redshift; large-scale structure of universe; supernovae: general; telescopes|
|Official Citation:||Lawrence J. S., Ashley M. C. B., Bunker A., Bouwens R., Burgarella D., Burton M. G., Gehrels N., Glazebrook K., Pimbblet K., Quimby R., Saunders W., Storey J. W. V., Wheeler J. C. (2009) The Science Case for PILOT II: the Distant Universe. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia 26, 397–414. doi:10.1071/AS08049|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Jason Perez|
|Deposited On:||04 Jan 2010 18:33|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 11:35|
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