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Effects of horizontal vibration on hopper flows of granular materials

Hunt, M. L. and Weathers, R. C. and Lee, A. T. and Brennen, C. E. and Wassgren, C. R. (1999) Effects of horizontal vibration on hopper flows of granular materials. Physics of Fluids, 11 (1). pp. 68-75. ISSN 1070-6631. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:HUNpf99

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Abstract

The current experiments investigate the discharge of glass spheres in a planar wedge-shaped hopper (45 degree sidewalls) that is vibrated hoizontally. When the hopper is discharged without vibration, the discharge occurs as a funnel flow, with the material exiting the central region of the hopper and stagnant material along the sides. With horizontal vibration, the discharge rate increases with the velocity of vibration as compared with the discharge rate without vibration. For a certain range of acceleration parameters (20-30 Hz and accelerations greater than about 1 g), the discharge of the material occurs in an inverted-funnel pattern, with the material along the sides exiting first, followed by the material in the core; the free surface shows a peak at the center of the hopper with the free surface particles avalanching from the center toward the sides. During the deceleration phase of a vibration cycle, particles all along the trailing or low-pressure wall separate from the surface and fall under gravity for a short period before reconnecting the hopper. For lower frequencies (5 and 10 Hz), the free surface remains horizontal and the material appears to discharge uniformly from the hopper.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Received 17 November 1997; accepted 2 October 1998.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:HUNpf99
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:HUNpf99
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.869903
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:170
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Christopher Brennen
Deposited On:09 Nov 2004
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:39

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