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Ultralow-threshold erbium-implanted toroidal microlaser on silicon

Polman, A. and Min, B. and Kalkman, J. and Kippenberg, T. J. and Vahala, K. J. (2004) Ultralow-threshold erbium-implanted toroidal microlaser on silicon. Applied Physics Letters, 84 (7). pp. 1037-1039. ISSN 0003-6951. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:POLapl04

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Abstract

We present an erbium-doped microlaser on silicon operating at a wavelength of 1.5 mum that operates at a launched pump threshold as low as 4.5 muW. The 40 mum diameter toroidal microresonator is made using a combination of erbium ion implantation, photolithography, wet and dry etching, and laser annealing, using a thermally grown SiO2 film on a Si substrate as a starting material. The microlaser, doped with an average Er concentration of 2x10^(19) cm(-3), is pumped at 1480 nm using an evanescently coupled tapered optical fiber. Cavity quality factors as high as 3.9x10^(7) are achieved, corresponding to a modal loss of 0.007 dB/cm, and single-mode lasing is observed.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Copyright © 2004 American Institute of Physics. Received 6 November 2003; accepted 15 December 2003. The Dutch part of this work is part of the research program of FOM, which is financially supported by NWO. The work at Caltech was funded by the NSF, DARPA and the Caltech Lee Center for Advanced Networking. Mark Brongersma is gratefully acknowledged for experiments in the early phase of this work. A.P. gratefully acknowledges the hospitality of both the Atwater and Vahala groups during his sabbatical stay at Caltech.
Subject Keywords:erbium; solid lasers; optical losses; silicon compounds; thin films; microcavities; etching; laser beam annealing; photolithography; photoluminescence; ion implantation; optical pumping
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:POLapl04
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:POLapl04
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1646748
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1942
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:24 Feb 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:46

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