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Modeling the Effects of Velocity Coupling on the Global Dynamics of Combustion Chambers

Isella, G. and Culick, F. E. C. (2000) Modeling the Effects of Velocity Coupling on the Global Dynamics of Combustion Chambers. AIAA Papers, AIAA-2000-3187. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics . http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101115-094319661

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Abstract

Considerable data exists suggesting that the response functions for many solid propellants tend to have higher values, in some ranges of frequencies, than predicted by the conventional QSHOD theory. It is a familiar idea that such behavior is associated with dynamical processes possessing characteristic times shorter than that of the thermal wave in the condensed phase. The QSHOD theory, and most of its variants, contains only the dynamics of that process, which normally has a characteristic frequency in the range of a few hundred hertz. Two previous works seeking to correct this deficiency (T'ien, 1972; Lazima and Clavin, 1992) have focused their attention on including the dynamics of the thermal wave in the gas phase. Both include effects of diffusion that complicate the analysis although the second achieves some simplification by applying the ideas of 'activation energy asymptotics'. While their results differ in detail, both works show influences at frequencies higher than those near the broad peak of the response due to the thennal wave. Recent theoretical work and simulations show that a combustion response function based on simple pressure coupling is not enough to explain the characteristics of the instability observed experimentally. Namely, differences in the shape of the response function fail to reproduce the differences observed experimentally in the characteristics of the limit cycle reached by combustion chambers with propellants of different chemical (or physical) composition. On the other hand, velocity coupling in the combustion response seems a promising mechanism able to predict the changes in the unstable modes observed experimentally and to produce considerable effect on the shape of the resulting limit cycle. The Baum and Levine model is used as a starting point in the investigation of velocity coupling. Other models, in which the mass burning rate is modified by some function of the velocity, are also investigated through direct time-simulation and by the use of a continuation method. Modeling of particle damping at high frequency constitutes a serious consideration in the modeling of the interaction of combustion dynamics and chamber acoustics. The effect of particle size distribution is analyzed by considering an experimental particle size distribution. The ultimate goal of this work is to find a link between the global dynamics of the combustion chamber and small changes in the combustion dynamics, caused by differences in propellant chemical composition or physical characteristics (for example, particle size and distribution). Response functions are shown for realistic ranges of the chief parameters characterizing the dynamics of the propellant. The results are also incorporated in the dynamical analysis of a small rocket motor to illustrate the consequences of the combustion dynamics for the stability and nonlinear behavior of unsteady motions in a motor.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Report)
Additional Information:© 2000 by the California Institute of Technology. This work was sponsored partly by the California Institute of Technology and partly by the Caltech Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative under ONR Grant No. N00014-95-1-1338, Program Manager Dr. Judah Goldwasser.
Group:Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
California Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIED
Caltech Multidisciplinary University Research/Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-95-1-1338
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Guggenheim Jet Propulsion CenterUNSPECIFIED
AIAA2000-3187
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101115-094319661
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101115-094319661
Official Citation:Modeling the effects of velocity coupling on the global dynamics of combustion chambers Isella, Giorgio C., California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena; Culick, Fred E. C., California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena AIAA-2000-3187 AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 36th, Huntsville, AL, July 16-19, 2000
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:20796
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:07 Dec 2010 00:29
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 12:38

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