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Coupled vortex shedding and acoustic resonances in a duct

Aaron, K. M. and Culick, F. E. C. (1985) Coupled vortex shedding and acoustic resonances in a duct. NASA Reports, 86-000183. Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore, MD. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101207-081629419

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Abstract

Undesirable sound generation in the combustion chambers of solid propellant rocket motors previously has been attributed to vortex shedding from obstructions that are uncovered as the propellant burns back. An experimental investigation of the phenomenon has re-conf irmed this observation and extended the understanding of the mechanism by which the process is self-sustaining. A pair of aluminum baffles within a lucite duct through which air is drawn models the important aspects which enable the sound generation mechanism to operate. The baffles form an edgetone system which interacts with the longitudinal acoustic modes of the chamber. Pure acoustic tones occur spontaneously, at frequencies equal to the acoustic resonances, when the spacing between the baffles satisfies certain criteria. Flow visualization using smoke and a strobe light triggered by the pressure oscillation indicates that vortex shedding occurs at the upstream baffle in phase with the acoustic velocity oscillation there. Based on the results of the present experiments and others reported in the literature, a mechanism is postulated which explains the observed behavior. It is suggested that pressures induced on the downstream baffle by the vortices convected past by the freestream drive the acoustic resonance. In turn, the acoustic velocity at the upstream baffle serves as the perturbation triggering the formation of vortices in the shear layer growing from the separation point at that location. The amplitude is limited by the nonlinearity in the growth of the vortices in the shear layer. A lIodel based on the proposed mechanism is formulated and written as a computer program. The results predict the behavior of the experilllental apparatus well, confirming that the postulated mechanism is correct.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Report)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985jann.conf..161APublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1986, NASA-STI. Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.Reproduction not authorized except by specific permission. This work was supported by Caltech and by AFOSR under grant AFOSR-84-0286. Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
Group:Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Chemical Propulsion Information AgencyN00024.85·C-S30 1
Caltech/Air Force of Scientific Researc (AFOSR)AFOSR-84-0286
Subject Keywords:ACOUSTIC VELOCITY, BAFFLES, COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, RESONANCE, RESONANT FREQUENCIES, SOLID PROPELLANT ROCKET ENGINES, SOUND GENERATORS, VORTEX SHEDDING, VORTICES, AMPLITUDES, COMPUTER PROGRAMS, COUPLING, FLOW VISUALIZATION, MODELS, NONLINEARITY, PREDICTIONS
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Guggenheim Jet Propulsion CenterUNSPECIFIED
NASA86-000183
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101207-081629419
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101207-081629419
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21205
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:14 Dec 2010 22:19
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 12:43

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