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Nitric oxide formation in turbulent diffusion flames

Quan, Victor and Marble, Frank E. and Kliegel, James R. (1973) Nitric oxide formation in turbulent diffusion flames. Symposium (International) on Combustion, 14 (1). pp. 851-860. ISSN 0082-0784. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101214-141112621

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Abstract

Combustion and NO formation are investigated in the turbulent mixing region between parallel fuel and oxidant streams. Chemical reactions are divided into two classes: (i) the fast, diffusion-limited combustion reaction, and (ii) the relatively slow, rate-limited NO formation. For the fast reaction, the turbulent mixing zone contains fuel, oxidant, and reaction products. The formation of NO is calculated separately as a trace species, since it has negligible effect on the flowfield. Transport of momentum, enthalpy, and chemical species is calculated, using a mixing-length theory. Because NO generation is highly temperature sensitive, the history of combustion product gases, subsequent to their formation, is decisive in determining the total NO production. Upper and lower bounds on NO production are obtained by considering that: (i) the combustion products remain undiluted and intact in the form of eddies as the turbulent field transports them throughout the mixing layer, and (ii) the combustion products are locally mixed with cool oxidizer or fuel. These yield upper and lower limits, respectively. The time-averaged velocity, temperature, and concentrations of fuel, oxidant, products, and NO distributions, are illustrated. Molecular mixing of turbulent eddies is shown to have a great influence on the amount of NO formed, although its effect on the time-averaged fluid properties is negligible. For a sample problem, the NO concentration obtained by assuming complete local molecular mixing is nearly an order-of-magnitude lower than the value predicted for no mixing.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0082-0784(73)80078-5 DOIUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 1973 Combustion Institute, Published by Elsevier B.V. Available online 5 May 2007. The computer programming was performed by Mr. Robert L. Peters. The study was supported, in part, by Southern California Edison Company. Reprinted from Fourteenth Symposium (International) On Combustion.
Group:Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center
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Southern California Edison CompanyUNSPECIFIED
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Guggenheim Jet Propulsion CenterUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20101214-141112621
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20101214-141112621
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21365
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:15 Dec 2010 16:30
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 12:45

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