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Horizontal coseismic deformation of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake measured from SPOT satellite images: Implications for the seismic cycle along the western foothills of central Taiwan

Dominguez, Stéphane and Avouac, Jean-Philippe and Michel, Rémi (2003) Horizontal coseismic deformation of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake measured from SPOT satellite images: Implications for the seismic cycle along the western foothills of central Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 108 (B2). Art. No. 2083 . ISSN 0148-0227. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110111-101706941

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Abstract

The 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, M_w = 7.6, broke a major thrust fault along the western foothills of the Central Range of Taiwan. We have measured the horizontal coseismic displacement field by correlating optical satellite images acquired before and after the earthquake. These data reveal the fault trace and a clockwise rotation of surface displacements toward the north with much larger displacements and strain in the hanging wall. At the surface, coseismic slip increases from 5–6 m near the epicenter to 10–11 m to the north. In the epicentral area, we observe a left-lateral strike-slip zone trending N125°E, and farther north, a fault zone trending N-S with a right-lateral component. The data were modeled using elastic dislocations. The fault geometry consists of a shallow 20–35° east dipping ramp, which soles out into a low dipping décollement at a depth of ~6 to 8 km. Surface displacements can be satisfactorily modeled, assuming a constant slip azimuth on the main fault plane, close to the azimuth of plate convergence (N305°E ± 5°). At depth, slips along the fault plane evolve from 5–6 m in the south to 7 to 12 m to the north. Our model suggests that the deeper portion of the fault was not activated during the Chi-Chi earthquake. This zone of slip deficit must break during large earthquakes or be activated during transient episodes of aseismic slip. On the basis of these observations, the western front of the central Taiwan should produce a M = 7 to 7.5 event, about every 150 to 250 years.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000951 DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2003/2001JB000951.shtmlPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2003 American Geophysical Union. Received 6 August 2001; revised 8 April 2002; accepted 9 September 2002; published 7 February 2003. This research was funded by CEA and Ministère de la Recherche (ACI). The manuscript has benefited from comments by Gilles Peltzer, Hosuke Heki, and the associate editor Teruo Yamashita. We are also grateful to Laurent Bollinger for its help in programming the Okada dislocation model and M.-A. Gutscher for grammatical corrections of the manuscript.
Group:Caltech Tectonics Observatory, Caltech Tectonics Observatory. Taiwan Tectonics and Seismicity
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique (CEA) (France) UNSPECIFIED
Ministère de la RechercheUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords: * Structural Geology: Remote sensing * Seismology: Earthquake dynamics and mechanics * Seismology: Seismicity and seismotectonics * Seismology: Theory and modeling
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Caltech Tectonics ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20110111-101706941
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110111-101706941
Official Citation:Dominguez, S., J.-P. Avouac, and R. Michel (2003), Horizontal coseismic deformation of the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake measured from SPOT satellite images: Implications for the seismic cycle along the western foothills of central Taiwan, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B2), 2083, doi:10.1029/2001JB000951
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:21692
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Jan 2011 22:26
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 12:50

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