Kochmann, D. M. and Hackl, K. (2011) The evolution of laminates in finite crystal plasticity: a variational approach. Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics, 23 (1). pp. 63-85. ISSN 0935-1175 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110303-095336775
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The analysis and simulation of microstructures in solids has gained crucial importance, virtue of the influence of all microstructural characteristics on a material’s macroscopic, mechanical behavior. In particular, the arrangement of dislocations and other lattice defects to particular structures and patterns on the microscale as well as the resultant inhomogeneous distribution of localized strain results in a highly altered stress–strain response. Energetic models predicting the mechanical properties are commonly based on thermodynamic variational principles. Modeling the material response in finite strain crystal plasticity very often results in a non-convex variational problem so that the minimizing deformation fields are no longer continuous but exhibit small-scale fluctuations related to probability distributions of deformation gradients to be calculated via energy relaxation. This results in fine structures that can be interpreted as the observed microstructures. In this paper, we first review the underlying variational principles for inelastic materials. We then propose an analytical partial relaxation of a Neo-Hookean energy formulation, based on the assumption of a first-order laminate microstructure, thus approximating the relaxed energy by an upper bound of the rank-one-convex hull. The semi-relaxed energy can be employed to investigate elasto-plastic models with a single as well as multiple active slip systems. Based on the minimization of a Lagrange functional (consisting of the sum of energy rate and dissipation potential), we outline an incremental strategy to model the time-continuous evolution of the laminate microstructure, then present a numerical scheme by means of which the microstructure development can be computed, and show numerical results for particular examples in single- and double-slip plasticity.We discuss the influence of hardening and of slip system orientations in the present model. In contrast to many approaches before, we do not minimize a condensed energy functional. Instead, we incrementally solve the evolution equations at each time step and account for the actual microstructural changes during each time step. Results indicate a reduction in energy when compared to those theories based on a condensed energy functional.
|Additional Information:||© 2010 Springer-Verlag. Received: 7 October 2009; Accepted: 5 October 2010; Published online: 3 November 2010 This research was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through the Forschergruppe Analysis and computation of microstructures in finite plasticity (DFG FOR 797). D. M. Kochmann acknowledges support from Ruhr-University Research School funded by Germany’s Excellence Initiative (DFG GSC 98/1).|
|Subject Keywords:||Crystal plasticity; Elasto-plasticity; Finite strains; Microstructure; Relaxation|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||03 Mar 2011 19:18|
|Last Modified:||03 Mar 2011 19:18|
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