Lund, D. C. and Adkins, J. F. and Ferrari, R. (2011) Abyssal Atlantic circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum: Constraining the ratio between transport and vertical mixing. Paleoceanography, 26 . Art. No. PA1213. ISSN 0883-8305 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20110401-143100821
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The ocean’s role in regulating atmospheric carbon dioxide on glacial‐interglacial timescales remains an unresolved issue in paleoclimatology. Reduced mixing between deep water masses may have aided oceanic storage of atmospheric CO_2 during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), but data supporting this idea have remained elusive. The δ^(13)C of benthic foraminifera indicate the Atlantic Ocean was more chemically stratified during the LGM, but the nonconservative nature of δ^(13)C complicates interpretation of the LGM signal. Here we use benthic foraminiferal δ^(18)O as a conservative tracer to constrain the ratio of meridional transport to vertical diffusivity in the deep Atlantic. Our calculations suggest that the ratio was at least twice as large at the LGM. We speculate that the primary cause was reduced mixing between northern and southern component waters, associated with movement of this water mass boundary away from the zone of intense mixing near the seafloor. The shallower water mass boundary yields an order of magnitude increase in the volume of southern component water, suggesting its residence time may have increased substantially. Our analysis supports the idea that an expanded volume of Antarctic Bottom Water and limited vertical mixing enhanced the abyssal ocean’s ability to trap carbon during glacial times.
|Additional Information:||© 2011 American Geophysical Union. Received 19 March 2010; accepted 21 December 2010; published 19 March 2011.|
|Subject Keywords:||Atlantic; abyssal; circulation|
|Official Citation:||Lund, D. C., J. F. Adkins, and R. Ferrari (2011), Abyssal Atlantic circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum: Constraining the ratio between transport and vertical mixing, Paleoceanography, 26, PA1213, doi:10.1029/2010PA001938|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Tony Diaz|
|Deposited On:||29 Jun 2011 22:13|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 13:08|
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