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The resonance potentials of helium and double impacts by electrons in helium

Glockler, George (1926) The resonance potentials of helium and double impacts by electrons in helium. Physical Review, 27 (4). pp. 423-431. ISSN 0031-899X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:GLOpr26

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Abstract

First and second critical potentials in helium.—A tube with five platinum electrodes was used to determine the first two critical potentials in carefully purified helium. The inelastic impact method of Franck was used over a pressure range from 0.13 to 13.00 mm and gave values of 19.87±0.06 for the first, and 20.62±0.06 volts for the second critical potential. The method of Lenard for pressures from 0.96 to 2.85 mm gave values of 19.83±0.02 and 20.57±0.06 volts. The spectroscopic value corresponding to the transition 1S→2s (A) is 19.77 volts and that corresponding to 1S→2S (B) is 20.55 volts. The observed difference between first and second critical potentials, 0.75 (Franck method), 0.74 volts (Lenard method), is in excellent agreement with the spectroscopic value of the difference B-A, 0.78 volts. The average initial velocity correction was determined by two different methods which led to concordant results. Critical potentials in helium due to double impact.—Three critical potentials in helium near 40 volts were observed by the Franck method. The values are 39.62, 40.47 and 40.96±0.04 volts, the last being the most prominent. The spectroscopic values for double impacts are 39.54 volts (1S→2s and 1S→2s), 40.32 volts (1S→2s and 1S→2S), and 40.89 volts (1S→2s and 1S→2P). The observed difference between the first critical potential and the most prominent double impact point is 21.09 volts, in excellent agreement with the spectroscopic value of the transition 1S→2P, 21.12 volts.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1926 The American Physical Society. Received 23 December 1925. In conclusion I wish to thank Professor R. C. Tolman for his interest in this research.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:GLOpr26
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:GLOpr26
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.27.423
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2464
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 Apr 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:49

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