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The influence of a magnetic field on the dielectric constant of a diatomic dipole gas

Pauling, Linus (1927) The influence of a magnetic field on the dielectric constant of a diatomic dipole gas. Physical Review, 29 (1). pp. 145-160. ISSN 0031-899X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpr27

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Abstract

The investigation of the motion of a diatomic dipole molecule in crossed magnetic and electric fields shows that according to the old quantum theory there will be spatial quantization practically with respect to the direction of the magnetic field for experimentally realizable values of the field strengths. As a result of this the old quantum theory definitely requires that the application of a strong magnetic field to a gas such as hydrogen chloride produce a very large change in the dielectric constant of the gas. The theory of the dielectric constant of a diatomic dipole gas according to the new quantum mechanics, on the other hand, requires the dielectric constant not to depend upon the direction characterizing the spatial quantization, so that no effect of a magnetic field would be predicted. The effect is found experimentally not to exist; so that it provides an instance of an apparently unescapable and yet definitely incorrect prediction of the old quantum theory.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1927 The American Physical Society. Received 10 September 1926. In conclusion I wish to express my appreciation of the interest which Professor A. Sommerfeld has shown in this work, and to acknowledge my indebtedness to the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and to the California Institute of Technology for their financial assistance.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpr27
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpr27
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.29.145
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2477
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 Apr 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:49

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