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Mass signature of supernova νμ and ντ neutrinos in SuperKamiokande

Beacom, J. F. and Vogel, P. (1998) Mass signature of supernova νμ and ντ neutrinos in SuperKamiokande. Physical Review D, 58 (5). Art. No. 053010. ISSN 0556-2821. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:BEAprd98b

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Abstract

The νμ and ντ neutrinos (and their antiparticles) from a Galactic core-collapse supernova can be observed in a water-Čerenkov detector by the neutral-current excitation of 16O. The number of events expected is several times greater than from neutral-current scattering on electrons. The observation of this signal would be a strong test that these neutrinos are produced in core-collapse supernovae, and with the right characteristics. In this paper, this signal is used as the basis for a technique of neutrino mass determination from a future Galactic supernova. The masses of the νμ and ντ neutrinos can either be measured or limited by their delay relative to the ν̅e neutrinos. By comparing to the high-statistics ν̅e data instead of the theoretical expectation, much of the model dependence is canceled. Numerical results are presented for a future supernova at 10 kpc as seen in the SuperKamiokande detector. Under reasonable assumptions, and in the presence of the expected counting statistics, νμ and ντ masses down to about 50 eV can be simply and robustly determined. The signal used here is more sensitive to small neutrino masses than the signal based on neutrino-electron scattering.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1998 The American Physical Society Received 25 February 1998; published 7 August 1998 This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy under Grant No. DE-FG03-88ER-40397. J.F.B. was supported by Caltech. We thank H. A. Bethe, B. W. Filippone, and Y.-Z. Qian for discussions.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:BEAprd98b
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:BEAprd98b
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.58.053010
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2541
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:07 Apr 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:49

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