Ponchaut, N. F. and Mouton, C. A. and Hornung, H. G. and Dabiri, D. (2005) 3D Particle Tracking Velocimetry Method: Advances and Error Analysis. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechGALCITFM:2005.004
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A full three-dimensional particle tracking system was developed and tested. By using three separate CCDs placed at the vertices of an equilateral triangle, the threedimensional location of particles can be determined. Particle locations measured at two different times can then be used to create a three-component, three-dimensional velocity field. Key developments are: the ability to accurately process overlapping particle images, offset CCDs to significantly improve effective resolution, allowance for dim particle images, and a hybrid particle tracking technique ideal for three-dimensional flows when only two sets of images exist. An in-depth theoretical error analysis was performed which gives the important sources of error and their effect on the overall system. This error analysis was verified through a series of experiments, which utilized a test target with 100 small dots per square inch. For displacements of 2.54mm the mean errors were less than 2% and the 90% confidence limits were less than 5.2 μm in the plane perpendicular to the camera axis, and 66 μm in the direction of the camera axis. The system was used for flow measurements around a delta wing at an angle of attack. These measurements show the successful implementation of the system for three-dimensional flow velocimetry.
|Item Type:||Report or Paper (Technical Report)|
|Group:||Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories (Fluid Mechanics)|
|Subject Keywords:||3DPTV, three dimensional, particle tracking, velocimetry|
|Usage Policy:||You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from CaltechGALCITFM|
|Deposited On:||31 Aug 2005|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 13:48|
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