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Exploratory studies of open-channel flow over laterally varying roughness

Taylor, Robert Hugh (1961) Exploratory studies of open-channel flow over laterally varying roughness. W. M. Keck Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Resources Report, 4. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechKHR:KH-R-4

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Abstract

An exploratory study was made of open-channel flow over beds consisting either entirely or partially of large granular roughness. Steady, uniform flow was established at various depths and velocities over two types of beds, one rough over the entire width of a laboratory flume, the other rough only over half the width and smooth over the other half. Friction factors were determined for these flows, and detailed velocity distributions were measured in three runs. The friction factors for the entirely rough beds compared closely with those predicted by the Karman-Prandtl equations, and the velocity distributions strongly suggested the existence of secondary circulation of the second kind. Analysis is offered to show that subdivision of the cross section of a turbulent flow by curves normal to the equal velocity curves does not result in hydraulically independent zones of flow, in that there will be turbulent interchange of the longitudinal component of momentum among such zones; other methods of subdivision are considered and none found to be completely satisfactory. The customary side-wall correction method is reviewed and found to have no explicit rational basis, and although it is recognized that the method gives reliable results in the situations to which it is usually applied, its application to widely different situations should be undertaken with caution. Suggestions for needed further research are offered.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:© 1961 W. M. Keck Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Resources. California Institute of Technology. Part of the work performed under cooperative agreement No. 14-08-001-5864 between the U. S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, and the California Institute of Technology is reported herein.
Group:W. M. Keck Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Resources
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
USGS14-08-001-5864
DOI:10.7907/Z9416V0D
Record Number:CaltechKHR:KH-R-4
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechKHR:KH-R-4
Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:25976
Collection:CaltechKHR
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechKHR
Deposited On:27 May 2004
Last Modified:19 Feb 2016 19:04

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