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Measurements of critical shear stress for entraining fine sediments in a boundary layer

Vanoni, Vito A. (1964) Measurements of critical shear stress for entraining fine sediments in a boundary layer. California Institute of Technology . (Unpublished)

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NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. Experiments were made in a flume 15-3/8 in. wide by 12 ft long to determine the shear stress for critical motion of fine sediment in a growing boundary layer. Determinations were made for two sediments, a quartz sand with geometric mean sieve size of 0. 102 mm and glass beads with geometric mean sedimentation diameter of 0. 037 mm. The intensity of sediment motion was judged from the frequency of bursts of motion over a small area varying from 7 to 18 mm in diameter. When the burst frequency fell between 1/3 and 1 burst per second, critical conditions for inception of motion were considered to obtain. Values of shear velocity, u[sub]*, and bed shear stress, [Greek tau] [sub 0], for turbulent flow were determined from measured velocity profile data by essentially two methods. In the first the slope, N, of a straight line fitted to a semilogarithmic graph of velocity profile data was used in Eq. (8) to obtain u[sub]*. In the other, values of point velocity, u, at a distance of .03 ft from the bed was substituted into the logarithmic equation for velocity distribution at a smooth wall, Eq. ( 5 ) , to obtain u[sub]*. The data obtained from Eq. (8) and plotted on Fig. 14a show wider scatter than those calculated from Eq. (5) and plotted on Fig. 14b. The data obtained by means of Eq. (5) are considered the more reliable and are presented on a complete Shields diagram in Fig. 15.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Group:W. M. Keck Laboratory of Hydraulics and Water Resources
Record Number:CaltechKHR:KH-R-7
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Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:25978
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechKHR
Deposited On:04 Jun 2004
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 13:50

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