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MAP: Medial Axis Based Geometric Routing in Sensor Networks

Bruck, Jehoshua and Gao, Jie and Jiang, Anxiao (Andrew) (2005) MAP: Medial Axis Based Geometric Routing in Sensor Networks. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. (Unpublished) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechPARADISE:2005.ETR069

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Abstract

One of the challenging tasks in the deployment of dense wireless networks (like sensor networks) is in devising a routing scheme for node to node communication. Important consideration includes scalability, routing complexity, the length of the communication paths and the load sharing of the routes. In this paper, we show that a compact and expressive abstraction of network connectivity by the medial axis enables efficient and localized routing. We propose MAP, a Medial Axis based naming and routing Protocol that does not require locations, makes routing decisions locally, and achieves good load balancing. In its preprocessing phase, MAP constructs the medial axis of the sensor field, defined as the set of nodes with at least two closest boundary nodes. The medial axis of the network captures both the complex geometry and non-trivial topology of the sensor field. It can be represented compactly by a graph whose size is comparable with the complexity of the geometric features (e.g., the number of holes). Each node is then given a name related to its position with respect to the medial axis. The routing scheme is derived through local decisions based on the names of the source and destination nodes and guarantees delivery with reasonable and natural routes. We show by both theoretical analysis and simulations that our medial axis based geometric routing scheme is scalable, produces short routes, achieves excellent load balancing, and is very robust to variations in the network model.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:This work was supported in part by the Lee Center for Advanced Networking at the California Institute of Technology, and by NSF grant CCR-TC-0209042.
Group:Parallel and Distributed Systems Group
Subject Keywords:C.2.2 [Computer Systems Organization]: Computer-Communication Networks–Network Protocols; E.1 [Data]: Data Structures–graphs and networks; Algorithms; Design; Medial Axis; Routing; System Design; Sensor networks
Record Number:CaltechPARADISE:2005.ETR069
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechPARADISE:2005.ETR069
Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26100
Collection:CaltechPARADISE
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechPARADISE
Deposited On:11 Jul 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 13:53

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