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Experimental and finite element studies of a large arch dam

Duron, Ziyad H. (1987) Experimental and finite element studies of a large arch dam. California Institute of Technology . (Unpublished) http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechEERL:1987.EERL-87-02

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Abstract

Forced vibration field tests and finite element studies have been conducted on Morrow Point (arch) Dam in order to investigate dynamic dam-water interaction and water compressibility. Design of the data acquisition system incorporates several special features to retrieve both amplitude and phase of the response in a low signal to noise environment. These features contributed to the success of the experimental program which, for the first time, produced field evidence of water compressibility; this effect seems to play a significant role only in the symmetric response of Morrow Point Dam in the frequency range examined. In the accompanying analysis, frequency response curves for measured accelerations and water pressures as well as their resonating shapes are compared to predictions from the current state-of-the-art finite element model for which water compressibility is both included and neglected. Calibration of the numerical model employs the antisymmetric response data since they are only slightly affected by water compressibility, and, after calibration, good agreement to the data is obtained whether or not water compressibility is included. In the effort to reproduce the symmetric response data, on which water compressibility has a significant influence, the calibrated model shows better correlation when water compressibility is included, but the agreement is still inadequate. Similar results occur using data obtained previously by others at a low water level. A successful isolation of the fundamental water resonance from the experimental data shows significantly different features from those of the numerical water model, indicating possible inaccuracy in the assumed geometry and/or boundary conditions for the reservoir. However, the investigation does suggest possible directions in which the numerical model can be improved.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:PhD, 1988: PB-89-194435/AS
Group:Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory
Record Number:CaltechEERL:1987.EERL-87-02
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechEERL:1987.EERL-87-02
Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26381
Collection:CaltechEERL
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechEERL
Deposited On:12 Oct 2001
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 13:57

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