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A Plasticity Model to Predict the Effects of Confinement on Concrete

Wolf, Julie Anne (2008) A Plasticity Model to Predict the Effects of Confinement on Concrete. Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory , Pasadena, CA. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechEERL:EERL-2008-01

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Abstract

A plasticity model to predict the behavior of confined concrete is developed. The model is designed to implicitly account for the increase in strength and ductility due to confining a concrete member. The concrete model is implemented into a finite element (FE) model. By implicitly including the change in the strength and ductility in the material model, the confining material can be explicitly included in the FE model. Any confining material can be considered, and the effects on the concrete of failure in the confinement material can be modeled. Test data from a wide variety of different concretes utilizing different confinement methods are used to estimate the model parameters. This allows the FE model to capture the generalized behavior of concrete under multiaxial loading. The FE model is used to predict the results of tests on reinforced concrete members confined by steel hoops and fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) jackets. Loading includes pure axial load and axial load-moment combinations. Variability in the test data makes the model predictions difficult to compare but, overall, the FE model is able to capture the effects of confinement on concrete. Finally, the FE model is used to compare the performance of steel hoop to FRP confined sections, and of square to circular cross sections. As expected, circular sections are better able to engage the confining material, leading to higher strengths. However, higher strains are seen in the confining material for the circular sections. This leads to failure at lower axial strain levels in the case of the FRP confined sections. Significant differences are seen in the behavior of FRP confined members and steel hoop confined members. Failure in the FRP members is always determined by rupture in the composite jacket. As a result, the FRP members continue to take load up to failure. In contrast, the steel hoop confined sections exhibit extensive strain vi softening before failure. This comparison illustrates the usefulness of the concrete model as a tool for designers. Overall, the concrete model provides a flexible and powerful method to predict the performance of confined concrete.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Technical Report)
Additional Information:Ph.D, 2008
Group:Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory
Record Number:CaltechEERL:EERL-2008-01
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechEERL:EERL-2008-01
Usage Policy:You are granted permission for individual, educational, research and non-commercial reproduction, distribution, display and performance of this work in any format.
ID Code:26564
Collection:CaltechEERL
Deposited By: Imported from CaltechEERL
Deposited On:28 May 2008
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 14:00

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