Grieman, Fred J. and Noell, Aaron C. and Davis-Van Atta, Casey and Okumura, Mitchio and Sander, Stanley P. (2011) Determination of Equilibrium Constants for the Reaction between Acetone and HO_2 Using Infrared Kinetic Spectroscopy. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 115 (38). pp. 10527-10538. ISSN 1089-5639 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20111010-152528326
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The reaction between the hydroperoxy radical, HO_2, and acetone may play an important role in acetone removal and the budget of HO_x radicals in the upper troposphere. We measured the equilibrium constants of this reaction over the temperature range of 215–272 K at an overall pressure of 100 Torr using a flow tube apparatus and laser flash photolysis to produce HO_2. The HO_2 concentration was monitored as a function of time by near-IR diode laser wavelength modulation spectroscopy. The resulting [HO_2] decay curves in the presence of acetone are characterized by an immediate decrease in initial [HO_2] followed by subsequent decay. These curves are interpreted as a rapid (<100 μs) equilibrium reaction between acetone and the HO_2 radical that occurs on time scales faster than the time resolution of the apparatus, followed by subsequent reactions. This separation of time scales between the initial equilibrium and ensuing reactions enabled the determination of the equilibrium constant with values ranging from 4.0 × 10^(–16) to 7.7 × 10^(–1)8 cm^3 molecule^(–1) for T = 215–272 K. Thermodynamic parameters for the reaction determined from a second-law fit of our van’t Hoff plot were Δ_(r)H°_(245) = −35.4 ± 2.0 kJ mol^(–1) and Δ_(r)S°_(245) = −88.2 ± 8.5 J mol^(–1) K^(–1). Recent ab initio calculations predict that the reaction proceeds through a prereactive hydrogen-bonded molecular complex (HO_2–acetone) with subsequent isomerization to a hydroxy–peroxy radical, 2-hydroxyisopropylperoxy (2-HIPP). The calculations differ greatly in the energetics of the complex and the peroxy radical, as well as the transition state for isomerization, leading to significant differences in their predictions of the extent of this reaction at tropospheric temperatures. The current results are consistent with equilibrium formation of the hydrogen-bonded molecular complex on a short time scale (100 μs). Formation of the hydrogen-bonded complex will have a negligible impact on the atmosphere. However, the complex could subsequently isomerize to form the 2-HIPP radical on longer time scales. Further experimental studies are needed to assess the ultimate impact of the reaction of HO_2 and acetone on the atmosphere.
|Additional Information:||© 2011 American Chemical Society. Received: June 7, 2011; revised: August 8, 2011; published: August 9, 2011. This research was carried out by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This work was supported by the NASA Upper Atmosphere Research and Tropospheric Chemistry Programs and the NASA Graduate Student Research Program (GSRP). This research was supported by an appointment of Fred Grieman to the NASA Postdoctoral Program at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, administered by Oak Ridge Associated Universities through a contract with NASA and a SURP grant from Pomona College for C.D.-V. A. We acknowledge the vital technical support of Dave Natzic. Government sponsorship is acknowledged.|
|Official Citation:||Determination of Equilibrium Constants for the Reaction between Acetone and HO2 Using Infrared Kinetic Spectroscopy Fred J. Grieman, Aaron C. Noell, Casey Davis-Van Atta, Mitchio Okumura and ,Stanley P. Sander The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2011 115 (38), 10527-10538|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Jason Perez|
|Deposited On:||11 Oct 2011 20:13|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 14:15|
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