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Genomic Characterization of the Human Heterotrimeric G Protein α, β, and γ Subunit Genes

Hurowitz, Evan H. and Melnyk, James M. and Chen, Yu-Jiun and Kouros-Mehr, Hosein and Simon, Melvin I. and Shizuya, Hiroaki (2000) Genomic Characterization of the Human Heterotrimeric G Protein α, β, and γ Subunit Genes. DNA Research, 7 (2). pp. 111-120. ISSN 1340-2838. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20111208-094743531

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Abstract

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) transduce extracellular signals received by transmembrane receptors to effector proteins. Each subunit of the G protein complex is encoded by a member of one of three corresponding gene families. Currently, 16 different members of the α subunit family, 5 different members of the β subunit family, and 11 different members of the γ subunit family have been described in mammals. Here we have identified and characterized Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes (BACs) containing the human homologs of each of the α, β, and γ subunit genes as well as a Gα11 pseudogene and a previously undiscovered Gγ5-like gene. The gene structure and chromosome location of each gene was determined, as were the orientations of paired genes. These results provide greater insight into the evolution and functional diversity of the mammalian G protein subunit genes.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dnares/7.2.111DOIUNSPECIFIED
http://dnaresearch.oxfordjournals.org/content/7/2/111PublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2000 Oxford University Press. Received February 29, 2000. Communicated by Kenichi Matsubara. This work was supported by GM34236 (M.I.S.) and HG01464 (H.S.) from the NIH.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NIHGM34236
NIHHG01464
Subject Keywords:G Proteins; BACs; gene structure; chromosome location
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20111208-094743531
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20111208-094743531
Official Citation: Evan H. Hurowitz, James M. Melnyk, Yu-Jiun Chen, Hosein Kouros-Mehr, Melvin I. Simon, and Hiroaki Shizuya Genomic Characterization of the Human Heterotrimeric G Protein α, β, and γ Subunit Genes DNA Res (2000) 7(2): 111-120 doi:10.1093/dnares/7.2.111
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:28369
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:08 Dec 2011 18:04
Last Modified:08 Dec 2011 18:04

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