Lienhard, Daniel M. and Zobris, Bernhard and Zuend, Andreas and Krieger, Ulrich K. and Peter, Thomas (2012) Experimental evidence for excess entropy discontinuities in glass-forming solutions. Journal of Chemical Physics, 136 (7). Art. No. 074515. ISSN 0021-9606 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120403-103055518
- Published Version
See Usage Policy.
Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120403-103055518
Glass transition temperatures T_g are investigated in aqueous binary and multi-component solutions consisting of citric acid, calcium nitrate (Ca(NO_3)_2), malonic acid, raffinose, and ammonium bisulfate (NH_4HSO_4) using a differential scanning calorimeter. Based on measured glass transition temperatures of binary aqueous mixtures and fitted binary coefficients, the T_g of multi-component systems can be predicted using mixing rules. However, the experimentally observed T_g in multi-component solutions show considerable deviations from two theoretical approaches considered. The deviations from these predictions are explained in terms of the molar excess mixing entropy difference between the supercooled liquid and glassy state at T_g. The multi-component mixtures involve contributions to these excess mixing entropies that the mixing rules do not take into account.
|Additional Information:||© 2012 American Institute of Physics. Received 20 September 2011; accepted 31 January 2012; published online 21 February 2012. This research was supported by the European Commission through the EC Integrated Projects SCOUT-O3 (505390-GOCE-CT-2004) and the ETH Research Grant ETH-0210-1.|
|Subject Keywords:||ammonium compounds, calcium compounds, differential scanning calorimetry, entropy, glass transition, organic compounds, solutions, vitrification|
|Classification Code:||PACS: 65.20.Jk; 64.70.pm; 82.60.Lf|
|Official Citation:||Experimental evidence for excess entropy discontinuities in glass-forming solutions Daniel M. Lienhard, Bernhard Zobrist, Andreas Zuend, Ulrich K. Krieger, and Thomas Peter J. Chem. Phys. 136, 074515 (2012); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3685902 (9 pages) Online Publication Date: 21 February 2012|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||03 Apr 2012 18:07|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 15:01|
Repository Staff Only: item control page