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Comparison of theory and experiment for a one-atom laser in a regime of strong coupling

Boozer, A. D. and Boca, A. and Buck, J. R. and McKeever, J. and Kimble, H. J. (2004) Comparison of theory and experiment for a one-atom laser in a regime of strong coupling. Physical Review A, 70 (2). Art. No. 023814. ISSN 1050-2947. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:BOOpra04

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Abstract

Our recent paper reports the experimental realization of a one-atom laser in a regime of strong coupling [ J. McKeever, A. Boca, A. D. Boozer, J. R. Buck, and H. J. Kimble, Nature (London) 425, 268 (2003) ]. Here we provide the supporting theoretical analysis relevant to the operating regime of our experiment. By way of a simplified four-state model, we investigate the passage from the domain of conventional laser theory into the regime of strong coupling for a single intracavity atom pumped by coherent external fields. The four-state model is also employed to exhibit the vacuum-Rabi splitting and to calculate the optical spectrum. We next extend this model to incorporate the relevant Zeeman hyperfine states as well as a simple description of the pumping processes in the presence of polarization gradients and atomic motion. This extended model is employed to make quantitative comparisons with our earlier measurements for the intracavity photon number versus pump strength and for the photon statistics as expressed by the intensity correlation function g((2))(tau).


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2004 The American Physical Society. Received 18 September 2003; revised 26 April 2004; published 25 August 2004. We gratefully acknowledge interactions with K. Birnbaum, L.-M. Duan, D. J. Gauthier, T. Lynn, T. Northup, A. S. Parkins, and D. M. Stamper-Kurn. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation, by the Caltech MURI Center for Quantum Networks under ARO Grant No. DAAD19-00-1-0374, and by the Office of Naval Research.
Subject Keywords:atom lasers; laser theory; Zeeman effect; hyperfine structure; polarisation; optical pumping
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:BOOpra04
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:BOOpra04
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.70.023814
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3060
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 May 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:52

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