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Cooling of a single atom in an optical trap inside a resonator

van Enk, S. J. and McKeever, J. and Kimble, H. J. and Ye, J. (2001) Cooling of a single atom in an optical trap inside a resonator. Physical Review A, 64 (1). Art. No. 013407. ISSN 1050-2947. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ENKpra01a

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Abstract

We present detailed discussions of cooling and trapping mechanisms for an atom in an optical trap inside an optical cavity, as relevant to recent experiments. The interference pattern of cavity QED and trapping fields in space makes the trapping wells, in principle, distinguishable from one another. This adds considerable flexibility to creating effective trapping and cooling conditions and to detection possibilities. Friction and diffusion coefficients are calculated in and beyond the low excitation limit and full three-dimensional simulations of the quasiclassical motion of a Cs atom are performed.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2001 The American Physical Society. Received 31 May 2000; revised 21 February 2001; published 6 June 2001. We thank Andrew Doherty, Klaus Molmer, and David Vernooy for helpful discussions and comments. This work was funded by the National Science Foundation, by the Caltech MURI on Quantum Networks administered by the U.S. Army Research Office, by DARPA through the QUIC (Quantum Information and Computation) program, and by the Office of Naval Research.
Subject Keywords:QUANTUM COMMUNICATION; LASER-LIGHT; CAVITY; MOTION; DIFFUSION; CHANNELS; PHOTONS; STATES
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ENKpra01a
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:ENKpra01a
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.64.013407
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3067
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 May 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:52

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