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InGaAsP Annular Bragg Lasers: Theory, Applications, and Modal Properties

Scheuer, Jacob and Green, William M. J. and DeRose, Guy A. and Yariv, Amnon (2005) InGaAsP Annular Bragg Lasers: Theory, Applications, and Modal Properties. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 11 (2). pp. 476-484. ISSN 1077-260X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SCHieeejstqe05

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Abstract

A novel class of circular resonators, based on a radial defect surrounded by Bragg reflectors, is studied in detail. Simple rules for the design and analysis of such structures are derived using a transfer matrix formalism. Unlike conventional ring resonators, annular Bragg resonators (ABR) are not limited by the total internal reflection condition and can exhibit both large free spectral ranges and low bend losses. The Bragg reflection mechanism enables the confinement of light within a defect consisting of a low refractive index medium (such as air). Strong atom–photon interaction can be achieved in such a structure, making it a promising candidate for sensing and cavity quantum electrodynamics applications. For sensing applications, we show that the ABR structure can possess significantly higher sensitivity when compared to a conventional ring resonator sensor. Lasing action and low threshold levels are demonstrated in ABR lasers at telecommunication wavelengths under pulsed optical pumping at room temperatures. The impact of the intensity and dimensions of the pump spot on the emitted spectrum is studied in detail.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:“©2005 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.” Manuscript received July 15, 2004; revised January 24, 2005. This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant ECS-0401397, in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under Grant MDA972-00-1-0022, and in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) under Grant FA9550-04-1-0016. The authors would like to thank Dr. A. Scherer and Dr. O. Painter for providing access to their fabrication facilities. Fruitful discussions with J. Poon and G. Paloczi are also acknowledged.
Subject Keywords:Bragg resonators, integrated optics, photonic crystals, semiconductor lasers.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:SCHieeejstqe05
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SCHieeejstqe05
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2005.845614
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:313
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:20 May 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:39

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