Guo, Yicheng and Giavalisco, Mauro and Cassata, Paolo and Ferguson, Henry C. and Williams, Christina C. and Dickinson, Mark and Koekemoer, Anton and Grogin, Norman A. and Chary, Ranga-Ram and Messias, Hugo and Tundo, Elena and Lin, Lihwai and Lee, Seong-Kook and Salimbeni, Sara and Fontana, Adriano and Grazian, Andrea and Kocevski, Dale and Lee, Kyoung-Soo and Villanueva, Edward and van der Wel, Arjen (2012) Rest-Frame UV-Optical Selected Galaxies at 2.3 ≾ z ≾ 3.5: Searching for Dusty Star-forming and Passively Evolving Galaxies. Astrophysical Journal, 749 (2). Art. No. 149. ISSN 0004-637X http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120515-105843038
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A new set of color selection criteria (VJL) analogous with the BzK method is designed to select both star-forming galaxies (SFGs) and passively evolving galaxies (PEGs) at 2.3 ≾ z ≾ 3.5 by using rest-frame UV-optical (V – J versus J – L) colors. The criteria are thoroughly tested with theoretical stellar population synthesis models and real galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts to evaluate their efficiency and contamination. We apply the well-tested VJL criteria to the HST/WFC3 Early Release Science field and study the physical properties of selected galaxies. The redshift distribution of selected SFGs peaks at z ~ 2.7, slightly lower than that of Lyman break galaxies at z ~ 3. Comparing the observed mid-infrared fluxes of selected galaxies with the prediction of pure stellar emission, we find that our VJL method is effective at selecting massive dusty SFGs that are missed by the Lyman break technique. About half of the star formation in massive (M_(star) > 10^(10) M_☉) galaxies at 2.3 ≾ z ≾ 3.5 is contributed by dusty (extinction E(B – V) > 0.4) SFGs, which, however, only account for ~20% of the number density of massive SFGs. We also use the mid-infrared fluxes to clean our PEG sample and find that galaxy size can be used as a secondary criterion to effectively eliminate the contamination of dusty SFGs. The redshift distribution of the cleaned PEG sample peaks at z ~ 2.5. We find six PEG candidates at z > 3 and discuss possible methods to distinguish them from dusty contamination. We conclude that at least part of our candidates are real PEGs at z ~ 3, implying that these types of galaxies began to form their stars at z ≳ 5. We measure the integrated stellar mass density (ISMD) of PEGs at z ~ 2.5 and set constraints on it at z > 3. We find that the ISMD grows by at least about a factor of 10 in 1 Gyr at 3 < z <5 and by another factor of 10 in the next 3.5 Gyr (1 < z < 3).
|Additional Information:||© 2012 American Astronomical Society. Received 2011 August 10; accepted 2012 February 13; published 2012 April 3. We thank Danilo Marchesini for useful discussions. We thank the anonymous referee for constructive comments that improve this article. Y.G., M.G., P.C., C.W., and S.S. acknowledge support from NASA grant HST-GO-12060, from STScI, which is operated by AURA, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-2655. E.T. acknowledges support from contract ASI-INAF I/023/05/0 and from a PD51 INFN grant. The work presented here is partly based on observations obtained with WIRCam, a joint project of the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), Taiwan, Korea, Canada, France, at the CFHT, which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institute National des Sciences de lUnivers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii.|
|Subject Keywords:||cosmology: observations; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: fundamental parameters; galaxies: general; galaxies: high-redshift; infrared: galaxies|
|Official Citation:||Rest-Frame UV-Optical Selected Galaxies at 2.3 ≾ z ≾ 3.5: Searching for Dusty Star-forming and Passively Evolving Galaxies Yicheng Guo et al. 2012 ApJ 749 149|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||15 May 2012 20:12|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 15:12|
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