Henrich, Joseph and Boyd, Robert and McElreath, Richard and Gurven, Michael and Richerson, Peter J. and Ensminger, Jean and Alvard, Michael and Barr, Abigail and Barrett, H. Clark and Bolyanatz, Alexander and Camerer, Colin F. and Cardenas, Juan-Camilo and Fehr, Ernst and Gintis, Herbert M. and Gil-White, Francisco and Gwako, Edwins Laban and Henrich, Natalie and Hill, Kim and Lesorogol, Carolyn and Patton, John Q. and Marlowe, Frank W. and Tracer, David P. and Ziker, John (2012) Reply to van Hoorn: Converging lines of evidence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (26). E1678-E1678. ISSN 0027-8424 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120731-083311474
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We agree with the comments by van Hoorn (1) on our critique (2): testing causal hypotheses about human behavior is a challenge (1, 3). Making progress requires specifying alternative hypotheses and then testing these hypotheses using diverse and converging lines of evidence. We have defended the hypothesis that social norms, which culturally coevolved with the institutions of large-scale societies including markets, influence economic decision-making. This hypothesis emerged from a larger set that we developed both at the outset of our project and as we went along. Our interdisciplinary team’s initial list of hypotheses included the idea that experimental games might spark an innate reciprocity module that would yield little variation across populations.
|Additional Information:||© 2012 National Academy of Sciences. Published online before print June 18, 2012. Author contributions: J.H., R.B., R.M., M.G., J.E., and J.-C.C. designed research; J.H., R.M., M.G., J.E., M.A., A. Barr, H.C.B., A. Bolyanatz, J.-C.C., F.G.-W., E.L.G., N.H., K.H., C.L., J.Q.P., F.W.M., D.P.T., and J.Z. performed research; J.H., R.B., R.M., J.E., and A. Barr analyzed data; and J.H., R.B., R.M., M.G., P.J.R., J.E., A. Barr, C.F.C., E.F., and H.M.G. wrote the paper. The authors declare no conflict of interest.|
|Official Citation:||Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Richard McElreath, Michael Gurven, Peter J. Richerson, Jean Ensminger, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, H. Clark Barrett, Alexander Bolyanatz, Colin F. Camerer, Juan-Camilo Cardenas, Ernst Fehr, Herbert M. Gintis, Francisco Gil-White, Edwins Laban Gwako, Natalie Henrich, Kim Hill, Carolyn Lesorogol, John Q. Patton, Frank W. Marlowe, David P. Tracer, and John Ziker Reply to van Hoorn: Converging lines of evidence PNAS 2012 109 (26) E1678; published ahead of print June 18, 2012, doi:10.1073/pnas.1204165109|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||31 Jul 2012 15:55|
|Last Modified:||31 Jul 2012 15:55|
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