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Quantum trajectory analysis of a thresholdlike transition in the microlaser

Yang, Changhuei and An, Kyungwon (1997) Quantum trajectory analysis of a thresholdlike transition in the microlaser. Physical Review A, 55 (6). pp. 4492-4500. ISSN 1050-2947. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:YANpra97

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Abstract

In a recent microlaser experiment [K. An et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3375 (1994)], a thresholdlike transition of intracavity mean photon number as a function of intracavity mean atom number has been observed. In this paper the behavior is explored with quantum trajectory simulations. It is shown that the transition is caused by enhanced atom-cavity Rabi interaction due to the increase of the intracavity photon number as the intracavity atom number is increased. The transition is further accentuated by the position-dependent variation of the coupling constant in the Fabry-Pérot cavity. In addition, it is demonstrated that multiatom collective effects are negligible in the microlaser under consideration, in which atoms are injected into the cavity at random times and the product of the coupling constant and atom-cavity interaction time is much less than π. In this case the analytic theory of the one-atom micromaser [P. Filipowicz et al., Phys. Rev. A 34, 3077 (1986)] can be extrapolated into the multiatom region, assuming uniform atom-cavity coupling throughout the cavity and monovelocity atomic injection. Finally, simulations are performed which account for spatial variation of coupling constant, velocity distribution of injected atoms, and spontaneous atomic decay in the actual experiment. The results are in good agreement with experiment.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©1997 The American Physical Society Received 29 July 1996 We thank M. S. Feld, R. R. Dasari, H.-J. Briegel, R. Glauber, and C. Fang-Yen for valuable discussions. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. PHY-9512056.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:YANpra97
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:YANpra97
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.55.4492
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3319
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:30 May 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 08:53

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