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Experimental petrology and origin of rocks from the Descartes Highlands

Walker, David and Longhi, John and Grove, Timothy L. and Stolper, Edward and Hays, James F. (1973) Experimental petrology and origin of rocks from the Descartes Highlands. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Lunar Science Conference. Pergamon Press , New York, pp. 1013-1032. ISBN 9780080179094 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120820-110404453

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Abstract

Petrographic studies of Apollo 16 samples indicate that rocks 62295 and 68415 are crystallization products of highly aluminous melts. 60025 is a shocked, crushed and partially annealed plagioclase cumulate. 60315 is a recrystallized noritic breccia of disputed origin. 60335 is a feldspathic basalt filled with xenoliths and xenocrysts of anorthosite, breccia, and anorthite. The Fe/(Fe + Mg) of plagioclase appears to be a relative crystallization index. Low pressure melting experiments with controlled P_(o2) indicate that the igneous samples crystallized at oxygen fugacities well below the Fe/FeO buffer. Crystallization experiments.at various pressures suggest that the 62295 and 68415 compositions were produced by partial or complete melting of lunar crustal materials, and not by partial melting of the deep lunar interior.


Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:© 1973 Pergamon Press. We have benefited from discussions with A. E. Bence, M. J. Drake, D. H. Lindsley, C. Simonds, G. J. Taylor, J. Warner, and R. J. Williams. We thank D. H. Green, I. Kushiro, and R. J. Williams for their careful and constructive critiques of the manuscript. Our electron probe is ably maintained by M. Campot. This study was supported by NASA grants NGR 22-007-175 and NGL 22-007-247 and the Harvard Committee on Experimental Geology and Geophysics.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANGR 22-007-175
NASANGL-22-007-247
Harvard Committee on Experimental Geology and GeophysicsUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120820-110404453
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120820-110404453
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:33355
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:28 Aug 2012 21:32
Last Modified:28 Aug 2012 21:32

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