Bacon, Charles R. and Newman, Sally and Stolper, Edward (1992) Water, CO_2, Cl, and Fin melt inclusions in phenocrysts from three Holocene explosive eruptions, Crater Lake, Oregon. American Mineralogist, 77 (9-10). pp. 1021-1030. ISSN 0003-004X http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120824-150608134
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Rare melt inclusions ~ 100 µm in diameter trapped near the boundaries of corroded patchy zones in plagioclase phenocrysts from Plinian pumice of three Holocene eruptions were analyzed by IR spectroscopy for molecular H_2O, OH groups, and CO_2 and by electron microprobe for Cl and F. The three rhyodacitic eruptions, each of which began with aPlinian phase, occurred over ~200 yr. The Llao Rock and Cleetwood eruptions ended with degassed lava flows and the subsequent climactic eruption with voluminous ignimbrite. Groundmass glass and melt inclusion compositions (anhydrous) are similar. Inclusions with total H_2O concentrations of 1.2-3.4 wt% are adjacent to fractures or are hourglass inclusions, suggesting partial degassing caused by depressurization. Melt inclusions in phenocrysts in climactic ignimbrite may have vesiculated for the same reason. Intact inclusions in Plinian pumices have total H_2O concentrations believed to represent magmatic H_2O contents (wt%): Llao Rock, 5.3, 5.3; Cleetwood, 3.8, 4.7; climactic 3.9 ± 0.2 (lσ, n = 6). Ratios of OR/molecular H_2O indicate closure temperatures of 200-500ºC that reflect syn- or posteruptive cooling. CO_2 concentrations are ≤ 25 ppm. H_2O and CO_2 concentrations indicate saturation pressures of 1.0-1.8 kbar or depths ≥ 5 km. Six inclusions from climactic pumice average 400 ± 40 (lσ) ppm F, 1880 ± 70 ppm Cl. F and Cl concentrations of the other samples are similar and not well correlated with each other or with total H_2O. Location of melt inclusions near boundaries of patchy zones, which are mantled by oscillatory-zoned overgrowths, suggests that their H_2O concentrations represent magmatic values significantly before eruption. Although mean H_2O concentrations of analyzed melt inclusions decrease for the three successive eruptions, it is not certain that this indicates a corresponding change in magmatic H_2O content during the interval between eruptions.
|Additional Information:||© 1992 Mineralogical Society of America. Manuscript received December 2, 1991. Manuscript accepted May 12, 1992. We thank John Armstrong and Paul Carpenter for aid with electron microprobe analyses. C.R.B. would like to express his gratitude for a Visiting Professorship with the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Caltech. The manuscript was improved as a result of reviews by W.A. Duffield and J.B. Lowenstern and journal reviews by N.W. Dunbar and M.C. Johnson. Support for this work came from NSF grant EAR-8916707 from the Earth Sciences program and DOE grant DE-FG03-85ER13445. This is contribution no. 5168 of the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences of the California Institute of Technology.|
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|Official Citation:||Charles R. Bacon, Sally Newman, and Edward M. Stolper Water, CO 2 , Cl, and F in melt inclusions in phenocrysts from three Holocene explosive eruptions, Crater Lake, Oregon American Mineralogist, October 1992, v. 77, p. 1021-1030|
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|Deposited By:||Ruth Sustaita|
|Deposited On:||24 Aug 2012 22:52|
|Last Modified:||24 Aug 2012 22:52|
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