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Rapid sea-level fall and deep-ocean temperature change since the last interglacial period

Cutler, K. B. and Edwards, R. L. and Taylor, F. W. and Cheng, H. and Adkins, J. and Gallup, C. D. and Cutler, P. M. and Burr, G. S. and Bloom, A. L. (2003) Rapid sea-level fall and deep-ocean temperature change since the last interglacial period. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 206 (3-4). pp. 253-271. ISSN 0012-821X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120828-085740795

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Abstract

We have dated Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea and Barbados corals that formed at times since the Last Interglacial Period, applying both ^(230)Th and ^(231)Pa dating techniques as a test of age accuracy. We show that Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e ended prior to 113.1 ± 0.7 kyr, when sea level was −19 m. During MIS 5b sea level was −57 m at 92.6 ± 0.5 kyr, having dropped about 40 m in approximately 10 kyr during the MIS 5c–5b transition. Sea level then rose more than 40 m during the MIS 5b–5a transition, also in about 10 kyr. MIS 5a lasted until at least 76.2 ± 0.4 kyr, at a level of −24 m at that time. Combined with earlier data that places MIS 4 sea level at −81 m at 70.8 kyr, our late MIS 5a data indicate that sea level fell almost 60 m in less than 6 kyr (10.6 m/kyr) during the MIS 5–4 transition. The magnitude of the drop is half that of the glacial–interglacial amplitude and approximately equivalent to the volume of the present-day Antarctic Ice Sheet. During this interval the minimum average rate of net continental ice accumulation was 18 cm/yr, likely facilitated by efficient moisture transport from lower latitudes. At three specific times (60.6 ± 0.3, 50.8 ± 0.3, and 36.8 + 0.2 kyr) during MIS 3, sea level was between −85 and −74 m. Sea level then dropped to −107 m at 23.7 ± 0.1 kyr early in MIS 2, before dropping further to Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) values and then rising to present values during the last deglaciation. Times of rapid sea-level drop correspond to times of high winter insolation at low northern latitudes and high winter latitudinal gradients in northern hemisphere insolation, supporting the idea that these factors may have resulted in high water-vapor pressure in moisture sources and efficient moisture transport to high-latitude glaciers, thereby contributing to glacial buildup. We combined our sea-level results with deep-sea δ^(18)O records as a means of estimating the temperature and ice-volume components in the marine δ^(18)O record. This analysis confirms large deep-ocean temperature shifts following MIS 5e and during Termination I. Deep-ocean temperatures changed by much smaller amounts between MIS 5c and 2. Maximum temperature shift in the deep Pacific is about 2°, whereas the shift at a site in the Atlantic is 4°. Under glacial conditions temperatures at both sites are near the freezing point. The shift in the Atlantic is likely caused by a combination of changing proportions of northern and southern source waters as well as changing temperature at the sites where these deep waters form.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01107-XDOIUNSPECIFIED
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X0201107XPublisherUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:© 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. Received 4 June 2002; received in revised form 12 November 2002; accepted 27 November 2002. We thank J. Chappell for scientific discussions around tropical campfires, helping initiate this project, and facilitating the field work and drilling on the Huon Peninsula; J. Hoff and D.A. Richards for laboratory assistance; C.R. Bentley and J.A. Dorale for informative discussions; R.G. Johnson, E. Wallensky, G.R. Min, J.W. Beck, and the 1988 PNG field team for sample collection efforts; and D. Lea and two anonymous reviewers for constructive criticisms that improved the manuscript considerably. Supported by NSF Grants ESH-9809459, EAR-9712037, and ARI-9512334 to R.L.E. K.B.C. was supported by NSF-sponsored grants for Geofluids Research (to M. Person) and Research Training (to M. Davis), and the Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship (University of Minnesota).
Group:TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFESH-9809459
NSFEAR-9712037
NSFARI-9512334
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20120828-085740795
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120828-085740795
Official Citation:K.B Cutler, R.L Edwards, F.W Taylor, H Cheng, J Adkins, C.D Gallup, P.M Cutler, G.S Burr, A.L Bloom, Rapid sea-level fall and deep-ocean temperature change since the last interglacial period, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 206, Issues 3–4, 15 February 2003, Pages 253-271, ISSN 0012-821X, 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)01107-X. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X0201107X)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:33594
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Aucoeur Ngo
Deposited On:28 Aug 2012 17:01
Last Modified:14 Nov 2012 23:12

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