Adkins, Jess F. and Cheng, Hai and Boyle, Edward A. and Druffel, Ellen R. M. and Edwards, R. Lawrence (1998) Deep-Sea Coral Evidence for Rapid Change in Ventilation of the Deep North Atlantic 15,400 Years Ago. Science, 280 (5364). pp. 725-728. ISSN 0036-8075 http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120828-100027067
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Coupled radiocarbon and thorium-230 dates from benthic coral species reveal that the ventilation rate of the North Atlantic upper deep water varied greatly during the last deglaciation. Radiocarbon ages in several corals of the same age, 15.41 ± 0.17 thousand years, and nearly the same depth, 1800 meters, in the western North Atlantic Ocean increased by as much as 670 years during the 30- to 160-year life spans of the samples. Cadmium/calcium ratios in one coral imply that the nutrient content of these deep waters also increased. Our data show that the deep ocean changed on decadal-centennial time scales during rapid changes in the surface ocean and the atmosphere.
|Additional Information:||© 1998 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 18 November 1998; accepted 18 March 1998. We thank S. Griffin, C. Masiello, and B. Grant for laboratory assistance. Discussions with D. Sigman, W. S. Broecker, and A. L. van Geen helped improve the manuscript. Supported by the National Science Foundation. J.F.A. was supported by a NASA Global Change fellowship and a grant from Tokyo Electric and Power Company.|
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|Deposited By:||Jason Perez|
|Deposited On:||28 Aug 2012 18:49|
|Last Modified:||28 Aug 2012 18:49|
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