Delaire, O. and Swan-Wood, T. and Fultz, B. (2004) Negative Entropy of Mixing for Vanadium-Platinum Solutions. Physical Review Letters, 93 (18). Art. No. 185704. ISSN 0031-9007. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:DELprl04
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The phonon densities of states for pure vanadium and the solid solutions V-6.25% Ni, Pd, Pt were determined from inelastic neutron scattering measurements. The solute atoms caused a large stiffening of the phonons, resulting in large, negative vibrational entropies of mixing. For V-6.25%Pt, the negative vibrational entropy of mixing exceeds the conventional positive chemical entropy of mixing. This negative total entropy of mixing should extend to lower concentrations of Pt, and the effect on the bcc solvus line is discussed. The experimental data were inverted to obtain interatomic force constants by using a Born–von Kármán model with an iterative optimization algorithm. The stiffening of bonds responsible for the decrease of entropy was found to occur mainly in first-nearest-neighbor solute-host bonds, and correlates in part with the solute metallic radius.
|Additional Information:||©2004 The American Physical Society (Received 9 April 2004; published 29 October 2004) We thank J. G-W. Lin for help with software development. This work was supported by the Department of Energy through the Basic Energy Sciences Grant No. DEFG03-0346055 and BES-MS,W-31-109-ENG-38.|
|Subject Keywords:||entropy; vanadium alloys; platinum alloys; phonons; neutron diffraction; phase diagrams; iterative methods; optimisation; bonds (chemical)|
|Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Archive Administrator|
|Deposited On:||05 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||18 Sep 2014 18:11|
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